United States Seventh Circuit

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US v. ESPINOZA, 00-3090

Given defendant's physical resistance to officers' attempt to gain forcible entry into his home, the officers' alleged failure to wait an objectively reasonable amount of time before forcing the doors did not harm defendant's interests under the knock and announce requirement.

Appellate Information

  • Argued 01/25/2001
  • Decided 07/11/2001
  • Published 07/11/2001


  • COFFEY, Circuit Judge., Before COFFEY, RIPPLE and DIANE P. WOOD, Circuit Judges.


  • United States Seventh Circuit


  • For Appellant:
  • Mario Gonzales,Michelle L. Jacobs (argued), Office of U.S. Atty., Milwaukee, WI, for Plaintiff-Appellant.

  • For Appellees:
  • John A. Cabranes (argued), Hartig, Bjelajac, Cabranes & Koenen, Racine, WI, for Defendant-Appellee,
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