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United States Fourth Circuit

Martin v. Wood, 13-2283

In this unpaid wages case, plaintiff-nurse sued two supervisors at the hospital where she was formerly employed for their alleged improper refusal to authorize overtime pay. Denial of defendants' motion to dismiss is reversed and remanded with instructions to dismiss plaintiff's complaint, where: 1) because the actions of the supervisors were inextricably tied to their official duties, the Commonwealth of Virginia is the real party in interest in this action; and 2) the Eleventh Amendment has withdrawn jurisdiction over suits of this nature against the States, effectively giving the Commonwealth immunity.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 11/18/2014
  • Published 11/18/2014


  • Niemeyer


  • United States Fourth Circuit


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