United States Fourth Circuit

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Lebron v. Rumsfeld, 11-6480

In a suit by a prisoner and his mother seeking a declaration that government defendants’ policies were unconstitutional, an order enjoining his future designation as an enemy combatant, and nominal damages of one dollar from each defendant, the district court's dismissal of the action is affirmed, where: 1) a Bivens action could not be maintained due to separation of powers concerns; 2) the defendants asserted a valid qualified immunity defense to the plaintiffs' claim under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; and 3) the district court did not err in concluding that the plaintiffs lacked standing to seek an order enjoining the government from designating the prisoner as an enemy combatant in the future.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 01/23/2012
  • Published 01/23/2012


  • Wilkinson


  • United States Fourth Circuit


  • For Appellant:
  • Benjamin Elihu Wizner, David Boris Rivkin