United States Third Circuit

Reset A A Font size: Print

US v. Christie, 09-2908

District court's conviction of a defendant for various child pornography offenses and imposition of a sentence of 1,080-months' imprisonment, arising from a two-year investigation into the website of the North America Man-Girl Love Association (NAMGLA), are affirmed where: 1) the district court did not abuse its discretion or otherwise commit error, let alone plain error, in admitting an investigator's testimony concerning the confessions of other users of the website; 2) district court did not err in admitting into evidence two posts to the NAMGLA website; 3) the district court erred in admitting witness testimony regarding children's toys found in defendant's house, but the error was harmless given the truly overwhelming quantity of legitimate evidence against defendant; 3) district court did not abuse its discretion in refusing to exclude defendant's composition notebooks under Rule 403; 4) district court did not abuse its discretion in questioning an investigator concerning the website; 5) defendant's claim of cumulative effect of the alleged evidentiary errors is rejected; 6) assuming that the Confidential Guidelines apply to the government's interactions with the informant, the alleged failures to abide by the Guidelines did not violate defendant's due process rights; 7) district court properly denied defendant's motion to suppress as he had no reasonable expectation of privacy in his IP address and cannot establish a Fourth Amendment violation; and 8) defendant's sentence was within the bounds of reasonableness.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 09/15/2010
  • Published 10/15/2010


  • <a href="http://pview.findlaw.com/view/3332885_1">JORDAN</a>


  • United States Third Circuit


  • For Appellant:
  • Lorraine S. Gauli-Rufo, <a href="http://pview.findlaw.com/view/3660716_1">George S. Leone</a>