In an action brought under the New York City Human Rights Law, N.Y.C. Admin. Code section 8‐107(1)(a) challenging the district court's denial of plaintiff's request for a jury instruction concerning punitive damages for pregnancy discrimination, the following question is certified to the New York Court of Appeals: What is the standard for finding a defendant liable for punitive damages under the New York City Human Rights Law, N.Y.C. Admin. Code section 8‐502?