United States Second Circuit

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US v. James, 09-2732

Judgment convicting defendants on various counts including murder, mail fraud, and murder in aid of racketeering, and imposing mandatory life sentences is affirmed, where: 1) there was no error in the admission of an autopsy report and a toxicology report without the presence of the individuals who prepared those reports inasmuch as they were not testimonial statements because they were not made with the primary purpose of creating a record for use at a criminal trial, and therefore did not require that the defendants have the opportunity to confront the authors of the reports; and 2) defendants' additional multiple claims of error fail.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 03/28/2013
  • Published 03/28/2013


  • SACK


  • United States Second Circuit


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