United States Second Circuit

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US v. Ramos, 10-3982

In a prosecution for illegally transporting aliens within the United States, assisting an inadmissible alien in entering the US, and illegally being present in the US after having previously been removed, the district court's sentence is affirmed, where: 1) the district court did not err by imposing a two-point increase pursuant to section 4A1.1(d) of the federal sentencing guidelines in calculating the defendant's criminal history, as section 4A1.1(d) does not require a defendant to have knowledge that he or she is under a criminal justice sentence at the time he or she commits a new offense in order for its two-level increase to apply; 2) the sentence was otherwise substantively reasonable.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 04/26/2012
  • Published 04/26/2012



  • United States Second Circuit