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United States First Circuit

US v. Navedo-Ramirez, 12-2490

Defendant, an 18-year veteran of the Puerto Rico Police Department (PRPD), appeals her conviction and sentence for aiding and abetting an attempt to possess with intent to distribute five kilograms or more of cocaine and possession of a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime. Defendant was arrested based on a string operation that netted a number of corrupt police officers. The conviction and sentence are affirmed, where: 1) the district court did not err in refusing to admit into evidence the testimony of defendant's proffered expert on battered woman syndrome, a co-defendant's prior domestic violence conviction, and defendant's PRPD performance evaluations; and 2) the main focus of a sentencing factor manipulation claim is impropriety on the part of the government, and there is no compelling evidence of impropriety here, much less the "outrageous or intolerable pressure" required for a finding of manipulation; and 3) the facts in this case do not show anything beyond the level of manipulation inherent in any sting operation, and that is not enough to warrant a downward variance on defendant's sentence.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 03/30/2015
  • Published 03/30/2015


  • Lynch


  • United States First Circuit


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