California Court of Appeal

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People v. Horvath, C063198

A conviction for crimes stemming from physical abuse of a child is affirmed, where: 1) there was sufficient evidence to support the intent element of aggravated mayhem; and 2) a jury instruction on motive, stating the People were not required to prove that the defendant had a motive to commit any of the charged crimes, did not lessen the People's burden of proof by creating a conflict with the instruction on torture stating the jury had to find that defendant "intended to cause cruel or extreme pain and suffering for the purpose of revenge, persuasion, or for any sadistic purpose."

Appellate Information

  • Decided 03/08/2012
  • Published 03/08/2012


  • Robie


  • California Court of Appeal


  • For Appellant:
  • Mark David Greenberg, David A. Rhodes