California Court of Appeal

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People v. Ayala, A122412

Conviction of defendant for second degree murder for his participation in the shooting death of a victim who had once associated with a rival gang is affirmed as substantial evidence supported the murder conviction under the natural and probable consequence doctrine as the fatal shooting was a natural and probable consequence of a planned physical attack by multiple gang members upon perceived rival gang members even though the shooting occurred at the start of a confrontation and no assault with fists, baseball bats, knives, or other weapons preceded the shooting.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 02/12/2010
  • Published 02/12/2010



  • California Court of Appeal


  • For Appellees:
  • For Plaintiff and Respondent, For Appellant and Defendant
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