California Court of Appeal

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An invocation to "Jesus Christ" at a city council meeting violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, and a court order related to prayer at meetings did not constitute censorship or viewpoint discrimination under the Free Speech and Exercise Clauses.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 09/09/2002
  • Published 09/09/2002


  • DOI TODD, J.


  • California Court of Appeal


  • For Appellees:
  •  Dennis A. Barlow, City Attorney and Juli C. Scott, Chief Assistant City Attorney for Defendant and Appellant., John L. Gordon, Stuart J. Roth, David A. Cortman, Lawrenceville, GA, Gregory N. Bryl and American Center for Law and Justice for Mayor Margaret Clark, Zane Han,  Gary Clark, Joe Velasquez and Ricardo Quevedo as Amici Curiae on behalf of Defendant and Appellant., Richards, Watson & Gershon, T. Peter Pierce, Los Angeles, Amy Greyson, Brea, and Carrie H. Ahn, Los Angeles, for Thirty-Four California Cities as Amici Curiae on behalf of Defendant and Appellant., Roger Jon Diamond, Santa Monica, for Plaintiffs and Respondents., Edward Tabash, Beverly Hills, for Council for Secular Humanism as Amicus Curiae on behalf of Plaintiffs and Respondents.
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