IN RE: D. B.

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Court of Appeals of Oregon.

IN RE: D. B., A Person Alleged to have a Mental Illness. STATE of Oregon, Respondent, v. D. B., Appellant.

11M003B; A157844.

    Decided: May 11, 2016

Before SERCOMBE, Presiding Judge, and TOOKEY, Judge, and DEHOOG, Judge. Victoria K. Moffet filed the brief for appellant. Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, Paul L. Smith, Deputy Solicitor General, and Matthew J. Lysne, Assistant Attorney General, filed the brief for respondent.

Appellant in this mental commitment case appeals a judgment committing him to the custody of the Oregon Health Authority for a period not to exceed 180 days. ORS 426.130. The trial court found that appellant suffers from a mental disorder and is dangerous to others and unable to provide for his basic personal needs. On appeal, appellant contends that the trial court committed plain error when it failed to advise him of his right to subpoena witnesses as required by ORS 426.100(1).1 The state concedes that the court's failure constitutes plain error and requires reversal. We agree and accept the state's concession. See State v. R.D. S., 271 Or.App. 687, 688, 352 P3d 84 (2015) (“A trial court's failure to advise a person as required is not only error, but it is plain error that we exercise our discretion to consider despite an appellant's failure to raise and preserve it at the hearing.” (Internal quotation marks omitted.)); State v. Z.A. B ., 264 Or.App. 779, 780, 334 P3d 480, adh'd to as modified on recons, 266 Or.App. 708, 338 P3d 802 (2014) (failure to advise of right to subpoena witnesses alone constitutes plain error justifying reversal); State v. M.L. R., 256 Or.App. 566, 570–72, 303 P3d 954 (2013) (observing that “plain error review of violations of ORS 426.100(1) is justified by the nature of civil commitment proceedings, the relative interests of the parties in those proceedings, the gravity of the violation, and the ends of justice” and exercising discretion to correct the plain error (internal quotation marks omitted)). Furthermore, for the reasons set forth in M.L. R., we exercise our discretion to correct the trial court's error in this case. See also R.D. S., 271 Or.App. at 688–89 (exercising discretion to correct plain error in failing to advise the appellant of her right to subpoena witnesses where, although the record showed that appellant's counsel was aware of the appellant's right to subpoena witnesses, it did not show that appellant's counsel had informed appellant of that right); State v.. V. B., 264 Or.App. 621, 623–24, 333 P3d 1100 (2014) (rejecting the state's argument that the failure to advise the appellant of her right to subpoena witnesses was harmless because she was represented by counsel, and exercising discretion to correct the trial court's plain error).



1.  Pursuant to ORS 426.100(1), the court shall advise the person alleged to have a mental illness of, among other things, “[t]he right to subpoena witnesses.”


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