Arthur “Dan” KELLEY, Plaintiff–Respondent, v. STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE COMPANY, an Illinois corporation, Defendant–Appellant.
Defendant insurance company appeals a supplemental judgment in plaintiffs favor in this action for underinsured motorist (UIM) benefits under ORS 742.502 and ORS 742.504. On appeal, defendant assigns error to the trial court's award of attorney fees and costs under ORS 742.061(1), a statute that requires insurance companies to pay attorney fees to an insured who prevails in an action to recover insurance benefits, unless the insurer falls within the statute's attorney-fee “safe harbor.” As we explain, our recent decision in Spearman v. Progressive Classic Ins. Co., 276 Or.App. 114, ––– P3d –––– (2016), establishes that the trial court erred in awarding fees. Accordingly, we reverse.
The relevant facts are undisputed. Plaintiff was injured in a collision with an underinsured motorist. One day after the accident, defendant provided plaintiff with a “safe harbor letter,” informing plaintiff that he had a right to make a claim under the UIM insurance policy that defendant had sold to him. See Congdon v. Berg, 256 Or.App. 73, 84–90, 299 P3d 588 (2013) (explaining how a safe harbor letter can fulfill the requirements of ORS 742.061(3)). The letter also stated that the issues related to plaintiff's claim under the policy would be limited to “liability and damages” and that defendant “consents to the submission of your underinsured claim to binding arbitration.” The case ultimately went to trial, and, at trial, defendant raised the issue of whether plaintiff “injured his right shoulder in the subject collision.” Plaintiff prevailed at trial and petitioned for attorney fees. The trial court awarded fees, concluding that, by raising the issue about the shoulder injury, defendant relinquished the protection of the safe harbor provision of ORS 742.061(3)
Under Spearman, the trial court erred in awarding fees. There, we concluded “that the issues that are within the scope of ORS 742.061(3) are the issues of liability and damages that an insured would have to establish in an action against the uninsured or underinsured motorist.” 276 Or.App. at 116. Here, defendant did not raise any issues outside of that scope. Contrary to plaintiff's assertions on appeal and the trial court's conclusion below, defendant's denial that plaintiff injured his shoulder in the “subject collision” raises only an issue “of liability and damages that an insured would have to establish in an action against the uninsured or underinsured motorist.” Id. As a result, defendant remains within ORS 742.061(3)'s safe harbor, and plaintiff is not entitled to recover attorney fees.
Reversed and remanded.