IN RE: J.J., a Youth. STATE ex rel. JUVENILE DEPARTMENT OF MULTNOMAH COUNTY, Respondent, v. J.J., Appellant.
Youth admitted that he had committed acts that, if committed by an adult, would constitute the crimes of unlawful use of a weapon and unlawful possession of a firearm. The trial court then ordered him committed to the legal custody of the Oregon Youth Authority. Youth appeals, arguing that the trial court erred in failing to make written findings as required by ORS 419C.478(1).
The state does not dispute that the trial court failed to make the findings required by that statute, but insists that the matter was not preserved and is unreviewable. The state acknowledges that, in State ex rel Juv. Dept. v. K. M.-R., 213 Or.App. 275, 160 P.3d 994 (2007), and State ex rel Juv. Dept. v. C.N.W., 212 Or.App. 551, 159 P.3d 333 (2007), we concluded that a trial court's failure to make the findings required by ORS 419C.478(1) amounts to plain error that warrants the exercise of discretion to review. The state contends that those decisions are inconsistent with the Supreme Court's decision in State v. Bucholz, 317 Or. 309, 855 P.2d 1100 (1993), which the state reads to hold that a failure to make statutorily required findings, if not objected to below, cannot be reviewed as plain error.
As we explained in State ex rel Dept. of Human Services v. J. N., 225 Or.App. 139, 144-45, 200 P.3d 615 (2009), Bucholz did not hold that a failure to make statutorily required findings can never be reviewed as plain error. Rather, that case stands for the proposition that, although the failure to make such findings may amount to plain error, under some circumstances, it may not be appropriate to exercise our discretion to review the error. J. N., 225 Or.App. at 145, 200 P.3d 615.
In this case, as in the factually indistinguishable K. M.-R. and C.N. W., we conclude that it is appropriate to exercise our discretion to review the error. We therefore remand to the juvenile court with instructions to make such written findings as it deems appropriate to satisfy the requirements of ORS 419C.478(1).
Vacated and remanded.