STATE v. MUYINGO

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Court of Appeals of Oregon.

STATE of Oregon, Plaintiff-Respondent, v. Ahmed MUYINGO, aka Muyingo Ahmed Muyingo, Defendant-Appellant.

951038342, A118291.

Decided: March 04, 2009

Before LANDAU, Presiding Judge, and BREWER, Chief Judge, and HASELTON, Judge. Peter Gartlan, Chief Defender, Office of Public Defense Services, for petition. John R. Kroger, Attorney General, Erika L. Hadlock, Acting Solicitor General, and Janet A. Klapstein, Senior Assistant Attorney General, for response.

 Defendant seeks reconsideration of our decision in State v. Muyingo, 225 Or.App. 156, 200 P.3d 601 (2009) (Muyingo IV ), arguing that this court misconstrued the record on appeal and, consequently, misunderstood one of his arguments.   We conclude that, although one sentence in our prior opinion may have lacked clarity, we neither misconstrued the record nor misunderstood defendant's argument.   Accordingly, we allow reconsideration to clarify that single sentence, and otherwise adhere to our prior opinion in Muyingo IV.

Rather than recount the lengthy procedural posture of this case, which is described in our prior opinion, 225 Or.App. at 158-60, 200 P.3d 601, we merely note the salient points that concern defendant's present petition for reconsideration.   In this court's original opinion in 2000, we stated:

“[Defendant] appeals from his convictions on 12 counts of criminal mistreatment I, ORS 163.205, two counts of rape II, ORS 163.365, two counts of rape III, ORS 163.355, six counts of sexual abuse I, ORS 163.427, six counts of sexual abuse III, ORS 163.415, involving victim S, and one count of unlawful sexual penetration, ORS 163.411, involving victim J.”

State v. Muyingo, 171 Or.App. 218, 220-21, 15 P.3d 83 (2000) (Muyingo I ).   The present appeal arose after resentencing on remand in Muyingo I. Defendant argued that convictions that had been affirmed in Muyingo I should not have been resentenced.  Muyingo IV, 225 Or.App. at 161, 200 P.3d 601.   We rejected that argument.   In doing so, we noted that, in Muyingo I, defendant “challenged all of his convictions.”  Id. On reconsideration, defendant asserts that his assignments of error in Muyingo I pertained only to his convictions for the sexual offenses and not the criminal mistreatment counts.

 Our statement in Muyingo IV that, in Muyingo I, defendant had “challenged all of his convictions” is imprecise.   We did not intend to suggest that defendant in Muyingo I raised assignments of error challenging the validity of each of the convictions.   Rather, the statements quoted above from Muyingo IV-and indeed from Muyingo I-should be properly understood as stating that defendant appealed from a  judgment that encompassed convictions for all of the crimes.   In any event, the point is ultimately immaterial.

 What the assignments of error concerned in Muyingo I has no effect on the outcome of this appeal.   A criminal defendant does not appeal specific “counts” or convictions;  appeal is taken from a judgment in a criminal proceeding.  ORS 138.040;  ORS 138.053.   The judgment at issue in Muyingo I encompassed convictions for both the criminal mistreatment counts and for the sex-related counts. On appeal, this court may order reversal, affirmance, or modification of “the judgment.”  ORS 138.240.   Accordingly, when this court disposes of a criminal appeal, the disposition encompasses all convictions and sentences contained in the judgment, regardless of whether specific assignments of error addressed those convictions or sentences.   And, as we explained at length in Muyingo IV, 225 Or.App. at 161-66, 200 P.3d 601, when we have determined that there is a reversible error with respect to fewer than all of the convictions or sentences reflected in the judgment, we are required to “remand the case to the trial court for resentencing on the affirmed count or counts.”  ORS 138.222(5)(b).  See generally State v. Rodvelt, 187 Or.App. 128, 66 P.3d 577, rev. den., 336 Or. 17, 77 P.3d 320 (2003).   We did so in Muyingo I, and upheld doing so in Muyingo IV.

Reconsideration allowed;  former opinion clarified and adhered to as clarified.

HASELTON, J.