IN RE: the Estate of Robert NASERT, Deceased.
In this pending probate proceeding, the decedent died a resident of Richmond County on June 27, 2001, survived by an adopted daughter, Jennifer A. Bragerton (“Bragerton”), and an alleged non-marital daughter, S.M.K. An instrument purporting to be his Last Will and Testament, dated August 27, 1996, is offered for probate by Bragerton, the nominated executrix and sole beneficiary therein. S.M.K. opposes the probate of said instrument, however, before interposing objections she must establish her paternity, thereby giving her standing to object.
A paternity hearing was held pursuant to EPTL 4-1.2 to determine the status of S.M.K. as a distributee. At this hearing, decedent's twin brother, Carl W. Nasert, testified on behalf of S.M.K.. During his testimony, he offered to make himself available for DNA identification testing, if it would aid the Court in determining S.M.K.'s paternity.
The courts in this jurisdiction first accepted the reliability of DNA fingerprinting in 1988 in criminal matters. In People v. Wesley, 140 Misc.2d 306, 533 N.Y.S.2d 643, aff'd 83 N.Y.2d 417, 611 N.Y.S.2d 97, 633 N.E.2d 451, the court stated:
“DNA Fingerprinting is a genetic and molecular biological process that has its basis in the fact that each individual has an entirely unique genetic signature, derived in turn from the fact that the overall configuration of the DNA, found in every cell in the human body (and for that matter, in every living organism) containing a nucleus-over 99% of the cells of the human body-is different in every individual except in the case of identical twins, (emphasis added). This fact is not only generally accepted by the scientific community to which it is related, but is uniformly accepted therein.”
Since that time DNA testing also has been extended to paternity issues in civil matters (see, Matter of Baby Girl S, 140 Misc.2d 299, 532 N.Y.S.2d 634) wherein the Surrogate recognized the validity and reliability of DNA testing. Indeed, EPTL 4-1.2(a)(2) now provides that a non-marital child is the legitimate child of his father so that he and his issue inherit from his father if: “(C) paternity has been established by clear and convincing evidence and the father of the child has openly and notoriously acknowledged the child as his own; or (D) a blood genetic marker test had been administered to the father which together with other evidence establishes paternity by clear and convincing evidence.”
In Estate of Sandler, 160 Misc.2d 955, 612 N.Y.S.2d 756, the court extended DNA testing to collateral relatives of the decedent. The Surrogate therein pointed out that she had earlier prohibited the exhumation of a putative father's body for the purpose of DNA testing holding that under clause (D) of EPTL 4-1.2(a)(2) the test had to be administered to the father during his lifetime. However, she found no prohibition against establishing paternity by the DNA testing of the putative paternal grandparents in an effort to provide the “clear and convincing evidence” that is required to establish paternity under clause (C) of EPTL 4-1.2(a)(2).
The Court could find no instance where DNA testing was done on an identical twin to establish paternity of a decedent. Inasmuch as the Court, however, was not satisfied that the strict requirements of EPTL 4-1.2(a)(2)(C) had been met, the Court ordered the voluntary testing of Carl W. Nasert, decedent's identical twin, who shares the identical DNA of the decedent.
This testing resulted in a report indicating “[I]f it is true that these brothers are identical twins, and if the child's mother admits to relations with Robert and not Carl, then Robert Nasert cannot be excluded as the biological father of S.B.M.K. Based upon the above genetic testing results, the probability of paternity is 99.96%”.
Both sides concede that Carl is indeed, the identical twin of the decedent. Furthermore, there was uncontroverted testimony that the child's mother had a sexual relationship exclusively with the decedent (and not his brother, Carl) during the critical period of conception.
The Court therefore gives great weight to the result of the Genetic Test Report as if the testing had been done on the decedent himself before his demise. Accordingly, the Court finds the requirements of clauses (C) and (D) of EPTL 1.2(a)(2) to have been satisfied. S.M.K. is determined to be a distributee of Robert W. Nasert with standing to oppose the probate of the instrument purporting to be his Last Will and Testament. Counsel are directed to telephone the Law Department of this Court to schedule an SCPA 1404 examination of attesting witnesses.
JOHN A. FUSCO, S.