ESTATE OF Vera ALTMAN, also known as Vera Hubner, Deceased.
After the kinship issues had been determined in this proceeding to judicially settle the account of the Public Administrator, supplemental process was served upon all of the heirs of the decedent's postdeceased brother and sole distributee, which directed them, inter alia, to show cause why the court should not fix the fee of counsel who had represented two objectants (who together receive one-third of the net distributable estate) in the amount requested and direct that the balance due for these legal services in the sum of $9,495, plus disbursements, be paid by the estate. No objections have been filed.
As a general rule counsel may only be compensated by clients who retain them (A.G. Ship Maintenance Corp. v. Lezak, 69 N.Y.2d 1, 511 N.Y.S.2d 216, 503 N.E.2d 681; Mighty Midgets v. Centennial Ins. Co., 47 N.Y.2d 12, 416 N.Y.S.2d 559, 389 N.E.2d 1080; City of Buffalo v. Clement Co., 28 N.Y.2d 241, 321 N.Y.S.2d 345, 269 N.E.2d 895). However, where, as here, counsel has in effect benefitted the entire estate by providing legal services establishing the identity of the decedent's distributees, counsel may be compensated from estate assets even though counsel was not retained by the fiduciary of the estate or by all of the distributees (Matter of Wiltshire, 4 A.D.2d 981, 167 N.Y.S.2d 852; Matter of Reedy, 49 Misc.2d 81, 266 N.Y.S.2d 964). This is equitable in this case because otherwise the distributees receiving two-thirds of the estate would be unjustly enriched by receiving free legal services establishing their entitlement to distributive shares at the expense of the distributees receiving only one-third of the estate. However, counsel's affidavit of services reflects that some of the services provided were not related to establishing kinship but, instead, essentially consisted of monitoring the duties of the fiduciary with regard to tax returns and other matters. The distributees who did not retain counsel should not be required to pay for these volunteer services because they are already paying for the legal services of the fiduciary's counsel. Moreover, to the extent that compensation is to be paid from the interests of parties who did not retain counsel, such compensation must be fixed on a quantum meruit basis rather than pursuant to the terms of any retainer agreement that counsel might have entered into with the two objectants or based solely upon counsel's usual hourly charge. Based upon the reasonable value of counsel's efforts in establishing kinship, the court fixes the balance of the compensation to be paid to counsel from the estate in the sum of $7,000, plus disbursements of $79.
LEE L. HOLZMAN, J.