The People, etc., respondent, v. Salvador Guevara–Lopez, appellant.

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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

The People, etc., respondent, v. Salvador Guevara–Lopez, appellant.

2018–14940 (Ind.No. 1673/18)

Decided: December 02, 2020

WILLIAM F. MASTRO, J.P. CHERYL E. CHAMBERS VALERIE BRATHWAITE–NELSON LINDA CHRISTOPHER, JJ. Laurette D. Mulry, Riverhead, N.Y. (Anju M. Alexander of counsel), for appellant.

Argued—September 11, 2020


Timothy D. Sini, District Attorney, Riverhead, N.Y. (Nicole L. Gallo of counsel), for


Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the County Court, Suffolk County (Stephen Braslow, J.), rendered December 4, 2018, convicting him of aggravated driving while intoxicated with a child (2 counts), driving while intoxicated, per se, driving while intoxicated, endangering the welfare of a child, and operating a motor vehicle the wrong way on a one-way roadway, upon his plea of guilty, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

The defendant's purported waiver of his right to appeal was invalid, as the County Court's colloquy mischaracterized the scope of the waiver (see People v. Thomas, 34 NY3d 545, 565–566).  Moreover, even a valid waiver of the right to appeal would not preclude review of the defendant's claim with respect to the voluntariness of his plea (see People v. Murphy, 114 AD3d 704, 704–705).

The defendant's contention that his plea of guilty was not knowing, voluntary, and intelligent is unpreserved for appellate review, as he did not move to vacate his plea prior to the imposition of sentence or otherwise raise the issue before the County Court (see People v. Pray, 183 AD3d 842, 842;  People v. Karadag, 181 AD3d 620;  People v. Palladino, 140 AD3d 1194, 1194–1195).

In any event, the defendant's contention is without merit.  The chronology in which the County Court conducted the plea allocution does not render his plea invalid (see People v. Pray, 183 AD3d at 842;  People v. Martinez, 159 AD3d 836, 836).  Moreover, “[a] guilty plea is not invalid solely because the trial court failed to recite a defendant's constitutional rights under Boykin v. Alabama ” (People v. Pellegrino, 26 NY3d 1063, 1063;  accord People v. Conceicao, 26 NY3d 375, 379).  “The County Court's failure to recite all of the Boykin rights does not warrant vacatur of the defendant's guilty plea, as the record as a whole affirmatively demonstrates that the defendant entered his plea understandingly and voluntarily” (People v. Karadag, 181 AD3d at 621;  see People v. Conceicao, 26 NY3d at 383).  Here, the court's express advisement to the defendant that by pleading guilty he was waiving certain constitutional rights, taken together with the rationality of the plea and the other assurances of voluntariness provided on the record, demonstrate that the defendant's plea of guilty was knowing, voluntary, and intelligent (see People v. Harris, 61 N.Y.2d at 21–22;  People v. Pray, 183 AD3d at 843;  People v. Jackson, 114 AD3d 807, 808).



Aprilanne Agostino

Clerk of the Court

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