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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, New York.

The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent, v. Donald FERRY, Appellant.


Decided: April 25, 2019

Before:  Garry, P.J., Mulvey, Aarons, Rumsey and Pritzker, JJ. Craig Meyerson, Peru, for appellant. Robert M. Carney, District Attorney, Schenectady (Peter H. Willis of counsel), for respondent.


In 2015, defendant pleaded guilty to attempted sexual abuse in the first degree (two counts) and was sentenced to six months in jail, to be followed by 10 years of postrelease supervision.  In 2016, a violation of probation petition was filed, alleging that defendant had violated certain conditions of his probation.  Following a hearing, County Court found that defendant had violated his probation and thereafter revoked defendant's probation and resentenced him to an aggregate prison term of eight years, to be followed by 10 years of postrelease supervision.  Defendant appeals.

We affirm.  “A violation of probation proceeding is summary in nature and a sentence of probation may be revoked if the defendant has been afforded an opportunity to be heard and the court determines by a preponderance of the evidence that a condition of the probation has been violated” (People v. Thomas, 163 A.D.3d 1293, 1294, 80 N.Y.S.3d 737 [2018] [internal quotation marks, brackets and citations omitted], lv denied 32 N.Y.3d 1068, 89 N.Y.S.3d 123, 113 N.E.3d 957 [2018];  see People v. Travis, 156 A.D.3d 1399, 1399, 68 N.Y.S.3d 611 [2017], lvs denied 30 N.Y.3d 1120, 77 N.Y.S.3d 345, 101 N.E.3d 986 [2018] ).  The conditions of defendant's probation included that he shall not “initiate, establish or maintain contact and/or communicate with or reside in the same residence as any person under the age of 17 years without the prior consent of the Probation Department.”

At the hearing, defendant admitted to several instances where the six-year-old daughter of a friend was at defendant's house while he was present, without having obtained consent from his probation officer.  Although defendant testified that there was always another adult present in the house while the child was there and that he believed that consent from his probation officer was not required under those circumstances, one probation officer testified that he informed defendant that only an adult preapproved as a safeguard by the Probation Department could supervise his contact with a child.  Another probation officer testified that defendant was told he could not have any children around him without permission from the Probation Department, regardless of whether another adult was present or supervising.  According deference to County Court's credibility determinations, we conclude that the People established by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant violated the terms of his probation (see People v. Eggsware, 125 A.D.3d 1057, 1058, 3 N.Y.S.3d 442 [2015], lv denied 25 N.Y.3d 1162, 15 N.Y.S.3d 295, 36 N.E.3d 98 [2015];  People v. Cruz, 35 A.D.3d 898, 899, 824 N.Y.S.2d 808 [2006], lv denied 8 N.Y.3d 845, 830 N.Y.S.2d 704, 862 N.E.2d 796 [2007] ).1

Defendant argues that the People's failure to provide certain documents and a videotape at the hearing constituted Rosario violations warranting a reversal of the finding of a probation violation.  Contrary to defendant's contention, Rosario violations do not constitute per se errors requiring reversal (see CPL 240.75;  People v. Crandall, 38 A.D.3d 996, 997, 830 N.Y.S.2d 867 [2007], lv denied 9 N.Y.3d 842, 840 N.Y.S.2d 768, 872 N.E.2d 881 [2007];  People v. Nelson, 1 A.D.3d 796, 797, 767 N.Y.S.2d 512 [2003], lv denied 1 N.Y.3d 631, 777 N.Y.S.2d 30, 808 N.E.2d 1289 [2004] ), and he has not claimed, let alone demonstrated, that the alleged violations materially contributed to the finding of a probation violation (see People v. Crandall, 38 A.D.3d at 997, 830 N.Y.S.2d 867;  People v. Nelson, 1 A.D.3d at 797, 767 N.Y.S.2d 512).  Finally, we discern neither extraordinary circumstances nor an abuse of discretion warranting a reduction of the sentence in the interest of justice (see People v. Jordan, 148 A.D.3d 1461, 1463, 51 N.Y.S.3d 639 [2017];  People v. Washington, 138 A.D.3d 1246, 1247, 28 N.Y.S.3d 349 [2016] ).

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.


1.   Having determined that the People established that defendant violated a condition of his probation by a preponderance of the evidence, we do not address the finding that defendant also violated another condition of his probation (see People v. Roberge, 293 A.D.2d 913, 914 n. 2, 743 N.Y.S.2d 182 [2002], lv denied 98 N.Y.2d 680, 746 N.Y.S.2d 470, 774 N.E.2d 235 [2002] ).

Mulvey, J.

Garry, P.J., Aarons, Rumsey and Pritzker, JJ., concur.

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