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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

PEOPLE of State of New York, Respondent, v. Manuel PALOMEQUE, Appellant.


Decided: March 20, 2019

RUTH C. BALKIN, J.P., CHERYL E. CHAMBERS, JEFFREY A. COHEN, BETSY BARROS, JJ. Paul Skip Laisure, New York, N.Y. (Jenin Younes of counsel;  Jed Tifft on the brief), for appellant. Eric Gonzalez, District Attorney, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Leonard Joblove and Morgan J. Dennehy of counsel;  Avery Heisler on the brief), for respondent.


Appeal by the defendant from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Joanne D. Quinones, J.), dated June 26, 2017, which, after a hearing, designated him a level two sex offender pursuant to Correction Law article 6–C.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, without costs or disbursements.

“A defendant seeking a downward departure from the presumptive risk level has the initial burden of (1) identifying, as a matter of law, an appropriate mitigating factor, namely, a factor which tends to establish a lower likelihood of reoffense or danger to the community and is of a kind, or to a degree, that is otherwise not adequately taken into account by the [Sex Offender Registration Act (hereinafter SORA) ] Guidelines;  and (2) establishing the facts in support of its existence by a preponderance of the evidence” (People v. Garner, 163 A.D.3d 1009, 1009, 81 N.Y.S.3d 572 [internal quotation marks and citations omitted];  see People v. Gillotti, 23 N.Y.3d 841, 861, 994 N.Y.S.2d 1, 18 N.E.3d 701;  People v. Wyatt, 89 A.D.3d 112, 128, 931 N.Y.S.2d 85;  see also Sex Offender Registration Act:  Risk Assessment Guidelines and Commentary [hereinafter Guidelines] at 4 [2006] ).  “If the defendant makes that twofold showing, the court must exercise its discretion by weighing the mitigating factor to determine whether the totality of the circumstances warrants a departure to avoid an over-assessment of the defendant's dangerousness and risk of sexual recidivism” (People v. Garner, 163 A.D.3d at 1009, 81 N.Y.S.3d 572;  see People v. Gillotti, 23 N.Y.3d at 861, 994 N.Y.S.2d 1, 18 N.E.3d 701).

Contrary to the defendant's contention, the fact that the defendant scores as being a low risk to reoffend on an assessment instrument other than the risk assessment instrument used by the board of examiners of sex offenders is not a circumstance which, standing alone, may be considered a mitigating factor (see People v. Curry, 158 A.D.3d 52, 54, 68 N.Y.S.3d 483).  The defendant's contention that he should receive a departure because incest offenders pose a lower risk of reoffense is without merit (see People v. Meaders, 154 A.D.3d 978, 978, 62 N.Y.S.3d 198;  People v. Ogata, 124 A.D.3d 416, 998 N.Y.S.2d 189;  People v. Rodriguez, 67 A.D.3d 596, 889 N.Y.S.2d 176).

While a defendant's response to treatment may qualify as a ground for a downward departure where the response is exceptional (see People v. Velasquez, 145 A.D.3d 924, 924, 42 N.Y.S.3d 845), here, the defendant failed to establish by a preponderance of the evidence that his response to treatment was exceptional (see People v. Meaders, 154 A.D.3d at 978, 62 N.Y.S.3d 198;  People v. Velasquez, 145 A.D.3d at 924, 42 N.Y.S.3d 845;  People v. Washington, 84 A.D.3d 910, 910–911, 923 N.Y.S.2d 151).

The defendant contends that his age of 53 is a mitigating factor warranting a downward departure.  Although “advanced age” may constitute a basis for a downward departure (Guidelines at 5;  see People v. Rodriguez, 159 A.D.3d 842, 842, 69 N.Y.S.3d 825;  People v. Alvarez, 153 A.D.3d 645, 57 N.Y.S.3d 405), the defendant, who committed the subject offense when he was in his 40s, failed to demonstrate that his age at the time of the SORA determination, 53 years old, resulted in an overassessment of his risk to public safety and, thus, did not meet his burden of proof in establishing that this mitigating circumstance actually existed in the case at hand (see People v. Rodriguez, 159 A.D.3d at 843, 69 N.Y.S.3d 825;  People v. Alvarez, 153 A.D.3d at 645, 57 N.Y.S.3d 405).

Accordingly, we agree with the Supreme Court's denial of the defendant's request for a downward departure.


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