Dwayne Adams, appellant, v. City of New York, et al., respondents.
Argued—September 24, 2018
DECISION & ORDER
In an action, inter alia, to recover damages for false arrest, false imprisonment, and malicious prosecution, the plaintiff appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Phyllis Orlikoff Flug, J.), entered September 2, 2015. The order granted the defendants' motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint, and denied the plaintiff's cross motion for leave to serve an amended notice of claim.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.
The plaintiff was arrested after marijuana and what appeared to be a gun were recovered from his person. Thereafter, he served and filed a notice of claim and commenced this action to recover damages for false arrest, false imprisonment, and malicious prosecution.
A plaintiff cannot prevail on causes of action based upon false arrest, false imprisonment, and malicious prosecution if the police officers had probable cause to believe that he or she committed the underlying crime (see Rodgers v. City of New York, 106 AD3d 1068, 1069; Whyte v. City of Yonkers, 36 AD3d 799; Burns v. City of New York, 17 AD3d 305). Probable cause requires only information sufficient to support a reasonable belief that an offense has been committed by the plaintiff (see People v. Bigelow, 66 N.Y.2d 417; Colon v. City of New York, 60 N.Y.2d 78, 82). “[P]robable cause must be determined from the sum of the information known to the police at the time of the warrantless arrest and without the benefit of hindsight” (People v. Laskaris, 82 A.D.2d 34, 39). Here, the defendants made a prima facie showing of their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law dismissing the complaint. The recovery by the police from the plaintiff's person of what appeared to be a gun, and marijuana, provided the police with probable cause to believe that the plaintiff committed the crimes underlying his arrest and incarceration. In opposition, the plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact. Therefore, we agree with the Supreme Court's determination granting the defendants' motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.
We also agree with the Supreme Court's determination denying the plaintiff's cross motion for leave to serve an amended notice of claim to add new injuries and theories of liability (see Robinson v. City of New York, 138 AD3d 1093, 1094).
The plaintiff's remaining contentions are without merit or not properly before this Court.
CHAMBERS, J.P., HINDS–RADIX, LASALLE and IANNACCI, JJ., concur.
Clerk of the Court