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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

The PEOPLE, etc., respondent, v. Tyrice D. ROLAND, appellant.


Decided: December 19, 2018

ALAN D. SCHEINKMAN, P.J., WILLIAM F. MASTRO, BETSY BARROS, FRANCESCA E. CONNOLLY, JJ. Jillian S. Harrington, Staten Island, NY, for appellant. Madeline Singas, District Attorney, Mineola, N.Y. (Judith R. Sternberg and Jason R. Richards of counsel), for respondent.


Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (Helene F. Gugerty, J.), rendered May 3, 2016, convicting him of attempted murder in the second degree, criminal use of a firearm in the first degree, criminal possession of a weapon in the second degree (two counts), criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree (two counts), and reckless endangerment in the first degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

We agree with the Supreme Court's determination to issue an “all-force” order compelling the defendant to submit to a buccal swab for genetic testing purposes (see CPL 240.40[2][b][v] ).  The record demonstrates that the prosecution timely applied for and obtained an initial order authorizing the buccal swab sampling (see CPL 240.90[1];  People v. Beckham, 142 A.D.3d 556, 36 N.Y.S.3d 483), and that the all-force order was sought only after the defendant repeatedly refused to comply with the initial order.  Thus, the prosecution succeeded in demonstrating “good cause” (CPL 240.90[1] ) for seeking the all-force order beyond the 45–day period generally applicable to such requests and before the commencement of trial.  In any event, the defendant was not prejudiced by any delay by the prosecution in seeking the order (see People v. Young, 160 A.D.3d 1206, 1209, 75 N.Y.S.3d 645;  People v. Vieweg, 155 A.D.3d 1305, 1308–1309, 65 N.Y.S.3d 275;  People v. Ruffell, 55 A.D.3d 1271, 1272, 864 N.Y.S.2d 347;  People v. Lewis, 44 A.D.3d 422, 422–423, 843 N.Y.S.2d 72).

The defendant's contention that the evidence was legally insufficient to support his conviction of reckless endangerment in the first degree is unpreserved for appellate review (see CPL 470.05[2];  People v. Gray, 86 N.Y.2d 10, 629 N.Y.S.2d 173, 652 N.E.2d 919).  In any event, viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the prosecution (see People v. Contes, 60 N.Y.2d 620, 621, 467 N.Y.S.2d 349, 454 N.E.2d 932), we find that it was legally sufficient to establish the defendant's guilt of reckless endangerment in the first degree beyond a reasonable doubt.  Moreover, in fulfilling our responsibility to conduct an independent review of the weight of the evidence (see CPL 470.15[5];  People v. Danielson, 9 N.Y.3d 342, 348, 849 N.Y.S.2d 480, 880 N.E.2d 1), we nevertheless accord great deference to the jury's opportunity to view the witnesses, hear the testimony, and observe demeanor (see People v. Mateo, 2 N.Y.3d 383, 410, 779 N.Y.S.2d 399, 811 N.E.2d 1053;  People v. Bleakley, 69 N.Y.2d 490, 495, 515 N.Y.S.2d 761, 508 N.E.2d 672).  Upon reviewing the record here, we are satisfied that the verdict of guilt as to that crime was not against the weight of the evidence (see People v. Romero, 7 N.Y.3d 633, 826 N.Y.S.2d 163, 859 N.E.2d 902).

The defendant failed to preserve for appellate review his contention that two witnesses were improperly permitted to testify that an individual depicted in certain surveillance videos was the defendant (see CPL 470.05[2];  People v. Watson, 121 A.D.3d 921, 922, 993 N.Y.S.2d 384;  People v. Dubois, 116 A.D.3d 878, 983 N.Y.S.2d 734;  People v. Alleyne, 114 A.D.3d 804, 804, 979 N.Y.S.2d 845).  In any event, this contention is without merit (see People v. Watson, 121 A.D.3d at 922, 993 N.Y.S.2d 384;  People v. Alleyne, 114 A.D.3d at 804, 979 N.Y.S.2d 845;  People v. Ruiz, 7 A.D.3d 737, 737–738, 777 N.Y.S.2d 193;  People v. Magin, 1 A.D.3d 1024, 1025, 767 N.Y.S.2d 366).

The defendant's ineffective assistance of counsel claim, to the extent that it is based upon his counsel's failure to preserve his contention that the evidence was legally insufficient, is without merit (see People v. High, 119 A.D.3d 959, 960, 989 N.Y.S.2d 873;  People v. Acevedo, 44 A.D.3d 168, 173, 841 N.Y.S.2d 55;  see also People v. Caban, 5 N.Y.3d 143, 152, 155–156, 800 N.Y.S.2d 70, 833 N.E.2d 213).  Further, contrary to the defendant's contention, our review of the record as a whole demonstrates that he was afforded meaningful representation by trial counsel (see People v. Benevento, 91 N.Y.2d 708, 674 N.Y.S.2d 629, 697 N.E.2d 584;  People v. Baldi, 54 N.Y.2d 137, 444 N.Y.S.2d 893, 429 N.E.2d 400;  see also People v. Caban, 5 N.Y.3d at 155–156, 800 N.Y.S.2d 70, 833 N.E.2d 213).

The defendant's contention that the sentence imposed by the Supreme Court punished him for exercising his right to a jury trial is without merit.  The fact that the sentence imposed after trial was greater than the sentence offered during plea negotiations is not, standing alone, an indication that the defendant was punished for exercising his right to trial (see People v. Renaud, 137 A.D.3d 818, 821, 27 N.Y.S.3d 578;  People v. Williams, 127 A.D.3d 1114, 1118, 7 N.Y.S.3d 434;  People v. Jimenez, 84 A.D.3d 1268, 1269, 923 N.Y.S.2d 354).

The sentence imposed was not excessive (see People v. Suitte, 90 A.D.2d 80, 455 N.Y.S.2d 675).