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Robin Abrahamson MASSON, Respondent, v. WIGGINS & MASSON, LLP, et al., Defendants, Wiggins & Kopko, LLP, Appellant.

Decided: October 31, 2013

Before: PETERS, P.J., STEIN, McCARTHY and SPAIN, JJ. Powers & Santola, LLP, Albany (Michael J. Hutter of counsel), for appellant. True & Walsh, LLP, Ithaca (Peter J. Walsh of counsel), for respondent.

Appeals (1) from an order of the Supreme Court (Cerio Jr., J.), entered November 30, 2011 in Tompkins County, which, among other things, granted plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment declaring that plaintiff's share of certain contingency fees shall be calculated pursuant to a partnership agreement between plaintiff, defendant Walter J. Wiggins and Erin McKinley, (2) from an order of said court, entered May 9, 2012 in Tompkins County, which, upon reargument, among other things, granted plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment on the first, third and fourth causes of action, (3) from an order of said court, entered September 18, 2012 in Tompkins County, which quantified the damage award due to plaintiff, and (4) from the judgment entered thereon.

These appeals involve a dispute between former law partners over the distribution of legal fees. Plaintiff and defendant Walter J. Wiggins, together with a third attorney, Erin McKinley, were partners of defendant Wiggins & Masson, LLP (hereinafter W & M). A written partnership agreement established the terms of the partnership and, in particular, delineated how W & M would make payments to any withdrawing partner for legal fees that it received for services rendered in contingent fee matters that were pending when the partner withdrew. After McKinley withdrew from W & M, the W & M partnership agreement was amended (hereinafter the W & M partnership agreement) to reflect the addition of a new partner, Jason Crane, and the law firm's name was changed to Wiggins, Masson & Crane, LLP. Shortly thereafter, plaintiff withdrew from the partnership.

In January 2007, Wiggins and Crane entered into a partnership with attorney Edward Kopko, forming Wiggins, Kopko & Crane, LLP. Upon Crane's subsequent withdrawal from the firm, the two remaining partners ultimately formed defendant Wiggins & Kopko, LLP (hereinafter defendant) by written agreement effective November 17, 2006 (hereinafter defendant's partnership agreement), the same date that plaintiff withdrew from W & M.1 During its existence, defendant made various payments to plaintiff for her share of fees generated in cases that were pending when she was a partner in W & M, in accordance with the W & M partnership agreement. Nonetheless, a dispute later arose among plaintiff, Wiggins and Kopko regarding how those fees should be computed and by whom they were to be paid. As a result, plaintiff commenced this action in December 2010 against defendant, W & M and Wiggins, individually.2 Defendant served an amended answer with counterclaims against plaintiff for unjust enrichment and fraud, as well as cross claims against Wiggins for fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, conversion, indemnification and contribution, and fraudulent concealment.3

After the exchange of discovery, plaintiff moved for, among other things, partial summary judgment against defendant and Wiggins, individually. Defendant opposed the motion and cross-moved to dismiss plaintiff's complaint pursuant to CPLR 32114 or, alternatively, for summary judgment dismissing the complaint. Defendant also moved, as relevant here, for summary judgment on its counterclaims against plaintiff. In a November 2011 order, Supreme Court concluded that the W & M partnership agreement required arbitration of all disputes arising under that agreement and, therefore, granted defendant's cross motion for summary judgment dismissing plaintiff's first, third and fourth causes of action. On the other hand, Supreme Court granted plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment on her second cause of action, declaring that plaintiff's share of all contingency fees received by W & M, Wiggins or defendant must be calculated according to the W & M partnership agreement. The court further determined, among other things, that the arbitration provision in defendant's partnership agreement required denial of defendant's motion for summary judgment with respect to its counterclaims against plaintiff.

Plaintiff and defendant subsequently moved to reargue the November 2011 order. In a May 2012 order, Supreme Court found that defendant had waived its right to insist that plaintiff arbitrate her claims, concluded that plaintiff was entitled to fees in certain identified cases in accordance with the W & M partnership agreement and granted partial summary judgment in plaintiff's favor on the first, third and fourth causes of action. In so doing, the court denied defendant's cross motion in its entirety. In addition to other relief not relevant here, the court also granted plaintiff's motion for leave to serve an amended verified complaint to name Kopko, individually, as a defendant.5

Finally, in a September 2012 order, Supreme Court accepted a report submitted by an independent accountant pursuant to the W & M partnership agreement which calculated the fees to which plaintiff was entitled; the court subsequently issued a judgment in plaintiff's favor in accordance with that order. Defendant now appeals from all three aforementioned orders and from the judgment.6

We affirm. We turn first to Supreme Court's award of partial summary judgment to plaintiff. As argued by the parties, this issue revolves around whether plaintiff is a creditor of defendant and/or whether defendant was a successor partnership to W & M and liable for obligations to plaintiff pursuant to the W & M partnership agreement. In support of her motion, plaintiff submitted an attorney's affidavit with exhibits that included, among other things, a copy of the complaint, the proposed amended complaint, and various documents demonstrating payments made to plaintiff by defendant in accordance with the W & M partnership agreement after she withdrew from W & M.7 Notwithstanding Kopko's denial of any knowledge of or consent to the payments made to plaintiff from defendant's business accounts—allegedly at Wiggins' instruction—and his claim that defendant is not bound by Wiggins' actions in this regard, it is undisputed that Wiggins, as a partner, approved such payments, which imputed knowledge thereof to defendant (see Partnership Law § 23).

In any event, Supreme Court did not rely upon the payments reflected in the subject business records as a basis for granting partial summary judgment in plaintiff's favor. Instead, Supreme Court found—correctly, in our view—that defendant, as a successor to Wiggins, Masson & Crane, LLP, was either a continuation of W & M or an assignee thereof as to those cases inherited from W & M and, as such, was responsible for payments due to plaintiff pursuant to the W & M partnership agreement.

Here, the W & M partnership agreement expressly provided that the withdrawal of a partner would not cause a dissolution of the partnership (accord Rotenberg v. Chamberlain, D'Amanda, Oppenheimer & Greenfield, 248 A.D.2d 1021, 1022 [1998] ). Therefore, the partnership continued after plaintiff withdrew therefrom. Further, the record before us includes certain corporation records of the Department of State, which reveal that defendant is the same legal entity as W & M with a new name. In addition, Kopko stated in a 2008 letter to plaintiff that “[t]he partnership formerly known as ‘Wiggins & Masson, LLP’ continued as the same partnership entity under the new name of ‘Wiggins & Kopko, LLP.’ ” Similarly, an affidavit submitted by Wiggins indicates that defendant “took over where [W & M] left off.”8 Consequently, Supreme Court correctly determined that W & M ultimately continued to operate as defendant, its successor.9

In support of its position that it bears no financial responsibility to plaintiff, defendant primarily relies upon the terms of its own partnership agreement, which provides, in relevant part, that defendant would only be “liable for the reasonable and necessary debts of the firm incurred after November 17, 2006 and not for the debts of any prior law practice with which Wiggins and Kopko were formerly associated.” However, inasmuch it was established as a matter of law that defendant is the successor entity of W & M, Supreme Court correctly determined that defendant's partnership agreement cannot defeat its liability to plaintiff for those fees generated by defendant for clients and business matters it continued from W & M, as Kopko and Wiggins cannot contract with each other to avoid liability of the partnership to a nonparty to their agreement (see generally Partnership Law § 72). In our view, Kopko's argument that he is not bound by the W & M partnership agreement because he was not made aware of such agreement is more appropriately addressed in connection with his cross claims against Wiggins.

Based upon the foregoing, Supreme Court properly declared that the W & M partnership agreement controlled the calculation of plaintiff's share of the applicable fees and determined that plaintiff was entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Defendant's motion to dismiss the complaint, which was premised upon the claim that defendant's partnership agreement was controlling, was also properly dismissed.

We turn next to defendant's assertion that plaintiff was required to arbitrate her claims. Initially, we note that both plaintiff and Wiggins unquestionably waived arbitration (see Stark v. Molod Spitz DeSantis & Stark, P.C., 9 N.Y.3d 59, 66 [2007]; see also Sherrill v. Grayco Bldrs., 64 N.Y.2d 261, 272 [1985] ).10 Further, while defendant asserted the contractual arbitration provision as an affirmative defense in its answer, it did not move to stay the action and compel arbitration (see CPLR 7503[a] ). Instead, it aggressively participated in the discovery process and received the benefit of extensive discovery from plaintiff, which would not otherwise have been available in arbitration (see De Sapio v. Kohlmeyer, 35 N.Y.2d 402, 406 [1974] ). In doing so, defendant's acceptance of the judicial forum “manifested a preference ‘clearly inconsistent with ․ [a] claim that the parties were obligated to settle their differences by arbitration’ ” (Sherrill v. Grayco Bldrs., 64 N.Y.2d at 272, 486 N.Y.S.2d 159, 475 N.E.2d 772, quoting Matter of Zimmerman [Cohen], 236 N.Y. 15, 19 [1923]; see Matter of Waldman v. Mosdos Bobov, Inc., 72 A.D.3d 983, 983–984 [2010], lv denied 15 N.Y.3d 715 [2010]; accord Stark v. Molod Spitz DeSantis & Stark, P.C., 9 N.Y.3d at 66, 845 N.Y.S.2d 217, 876 N.E.2d 903). Thus, we agree with Supreme Court's determination that defendant's actions resulted in a waiver of its right to compel arbitration pursuant to the W & M partnership agreement.

Finally, we decline to disturb that part of Supreme Court's order granting plaintiff leave to file an amended complaint to assert a cause of action against Kopko, individually. Inasmuch as the proposed amendment was not plainly without merit and did not cause undue prejudice or surprise, Supreme Court properly exercised its discretion in granting plaintiff's motion (see Matter of Greece Town Mall, L.P. v. New York State, 105 A.D.3d 1298, 1299–1300 [2013]; Vermont Mut. Ins. Co. v. Mowery Constr., Inc., 96 A.D.3d 1218, 1219 [2012]; see also Vectron Intl., Inc. v. Corning Oak Holding, Inc., 106 A.D.3d 1164, 1168 [2013] ).

Defendant's remaining contentions have been considered and found to be lacking in merit.

ORDERED that the orders and judgment are affirmed, with costs.


PETERS, P.J., McCARTHY and SPAIN, JJ., concur.

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