IN RE: DELEHIA J. (Anonymous). Administration for Children's Services, respondent; Tameka J. (Anonymous), appellant. (Proceeding No. 1) In the Matter of Christopher J. (Anonymous). Administration for Children's Services, respondent; Tameka J. (Anonymous), appellant. (Proceeding No. 2) In the Matter of Joshua J. (Anonymous). Administration for Children's Services, respondent; Tameka J. (Anonymous), appellant. (Proceeding No. 3).
In three related child protective proceedings pursuant to Family Court Act article 10, the mother appeals from (1) a fact-finding order of the Family Court, Westchester County (Edwards, J.), entered April 19, 2010, which, after a hearing, found that she neglected the subject children, and (2) an order of disposition of the same court entered November 8, 2010, which, upon the fact-finding order, inter alia, released the children to her custody with supervision until October 18, 2011.
ORDERED that the appeal from the fact-finding order is dismissed, without costs or disbursements, as the fact-finding order was superseded by the order of disposition and is brought up for review on the appeal from the order of disposition; and it is further,
ORDERED that the appeal from so much of the order of disposition as released the children to the mother's custody with supervision until October 18, 2011, is dismissed as academic, without costs or disbursements; and it is further,
ORDERED that the order of disposition is affirmed insofar as reviewed, without costs or disbursements.
Although parents have a right to use reasonable physical force against a child in order to maintain discipline or to promote the child's welfare, the use of excessive corporal punishment constitutes neglect (see Matter of Isaiah S., 63 A.D.3d 948, 880 N.Y.S.2d 528; see also Penal Law § 35.10; Family Ct. Act § 1012[f][i][B] ). The Family Court's finding of neglect as to the subject child Delehia, based upon the mother's use of excessive corporal punishment, is supported by a preponderance of the evidence (see Family Ct. Act § 1012[f][i][B]; § 1046[b][i] ). The evidence demonstrated that the mother struck then-five-year-old Delehia with a belt six times, causing a mark or laceration to her forehead which required medical attention (see Matter of Kathleen K., 66 A.D.3d 683, 886 N.Y.S.2d 497; Matter of Isaiah S., 63 A.D.3d 948, 880 N.Y.S.2d 528; Matter of Rachel H., 60 A.D.3d 1060, 876 N.Y.S.2d 463; Matter of Maria Raquel L., 36 A.D.3d 425, 826 N.Y.S.2d 252).
The evidence, which established that the mother inflicted excessive corporal punishment on Delehia, was sufficient to support the Family Court's determination that the subject children Christopher and Joshua were derivatively neglected (see Matter of James S. [Kathleen S.], 88 A.D.3d 1006, 931 N.Y.S.2d 524; Matter of Abigail G. [Barrington G.], 84 A.D.3d 1235, 923 N.Y.S.2d 863; Matter of Jordan W., 59 A.D.3d 558, 872 N.Y.S.2d 287).
The Family Court erred in entering into evidence a Child Protective Services intake report of the Office of Child and Family Services with the identity of the reporter having been redacted (see Family Ct. Act §§ 1038, 1046[a][v] ). However, the Family Court's erroneous admission of the report into evidence was harmless, and does not require reversal, because the mother was not prejudiced thereby, and the record reflects that the Family Court relied upon other testimony and evidence which was sufficient, standing alone, to support the finding of neglect (see Matter of Kinara C. [Jerome C.], 89 A.D.3d 839, 932 N.Y.S.2d 169; Matter of Yolanda D., 218 A.D.2d 648, 630 N.Y.S.2d 537, affd. 88 N.Y.2d 790, 651 N.Y.S.2d 1, 673 N.E.2d 1228; see also Matter of Zaire D. [Benellie R.], 90 A.D.3d 923, 935 N.Y.S.2d 581).
Contrary to the mother's contention, the Family Court was entitled to draw a negative inference against her upon her failure to testify at the fact-finding hearing (see Matter of Nassau County Dept. of Social Servs. v. Denise J., 87 N.Y.2d 73, 637 N.Y.S.2d 666, 661 N.E.2d 138; Matter of Christiana C. [Carleton C.], 86 A.D.3d 606, 928 N.Y.S.2d 50; Matter of Tajani B., 49 A.D.3d 876, 854 N.Y.S.2d 518; Matter of Jasmine A., 18 A.D.3d 546, 795 N.Y.S.2d 87; cf. Matter of Devon A., 78 A.D.3d 1171, 912 N.Y.S.2d 276).