IN RE: DeAndre S. (Anonymous). Administration for Children's Services, petitioner- respondent; Cleon W. (Anonymous), appellant; Latoya F.S. (Anonymous), nonparty-respondent.
Argued—January 26, 2012
DECISION & ORDER
In a child protective proceeding pursuant to Family Court Act article 10, the father appeals, as limited by his brief, from so much of an order of the Family Court, Kings County (Olshansky, J.), dated May 10, 2011, as, after a hearing, denied his application for the return of the child to his custody pursuant to Family Court Act § 1028 and continued the temporary release of the child to the custody of the mother.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, without costs or disbursements.
Pursuant to Family Court Act § 1028, an application for return of a child “shall” be granted unless the court finds that “the return presents an imminent risk to the child's life or health” (Family Ct Act § 1028[a] ). In order to justify a finding of imminent risk to life or health for removal of a child, an agency need not prove that the child has suffered actual injury. Rather, a court engages in a fact-intensive inquiry to determine whether the child's physical or emotional health is at risk (see Matter of Martha A. [Diana C.], 75 AD3d 476, 477, citing Nicholson v. Scoppetta, 3 NY3d 357). In reaching its determination, the “court must weigh, in the factual setting before it, whether the imminent risk to the child can be mitigated by reasonable efforts to avoid removal; [i]t must balance that risk against the harm removal might bring, and it must determine factually which course is in the child's best interests” (Nicholson v. Scoppetta, 3 NY3d at 378).
The record provides a sound and substantial basis for the Family Court's decision to deny the father's application for the return of the child to his custody pursuant to Family Ct Act § 1028, and to continue the temporary release of the child to the custody of the mother (see Family Ct Act §§ 1028, 1046).
RIVERA, J.P., ENG, HALL and SGROI, JJ., concur.
Clerk of the Court