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IN RE: Steven HEISLER, petitioner, v. Thomas SCAPPATICCI, et al., respondents.

Decided: February 22, 2011

A. GAIL PRUDENTI, P.J., REINALDO E. RIVERA, PLUMMER E. LOTT, and ROBERT J. MILLER, JJ. Lovett & Bellantoni, LLP, Hawthorne, N.Y. (Jonathan Lovett of counsel), for petitioner. Frank P. Allegretti, Town Attorney, Harrison, N.Y., for respondents.

Proceeding pursuant to CPLR article 78 to review a determination of the respondent Town Board of the Town of Harrison, acting in its capacity as the Board of Police Commissioners for the Town of Harrison, dated January 22, 2009, which, after a hearing, terminated the petitioner's employment.

ADJUDGED that the determination is confirmed, the petition is denied, and the proceeding is dismissed on the merits, with costs.

The petitioner commenced this CPLR article 78 proceeding to challenge a determination made by the respondent Town Board of the Town of Harrison (hereinafter the Town Board), acting in its capacity as the Board of Police Commissioners for the Town of Harrison, terminating his employment with the Town of Harrison Police Department. After transfer of the proceeding to this Court because of a substantial evidence issue raised by the petitioner, the petitioner filed a brief in which he has abandoned any substantial evidence claim (see Matter of Ifill v. Fisher, 72 AD3d 1367, n 1; Matter of Michaelides v. Goord, 300 A.D.2d 718, 719, n 1) and has focused, instead, on, inter alia, alleged procedural errors in the disciplinary hearing. These issues should have been determined in the first instance by the Supreme Court. However, we shall retain the matter in the interest of judicial economy and address the procedural questions that are raised (see generally Matter of Davis v. Roldan, 54 AD3d 944; Matter of Jan V. v. State of N.Y. Off. of Children & Family Servs., 38 AD3d 912).

Contrary to the petitioner's contention, the Town Board properly admitted into evidence at the hearing videotaped statements made by individuals who witnessed the subject incident even though they did not testify at the hearing. “Hearsay is admissible in an administrative hearing and, if sufficiently relevant and probative, hearsay alone may constitute substantial evidence” (Matter of Bullock v. State of N.Y. Dept. of Social Servs., 248 A.D.2d 380, 382; see Matter of Gray v. Adduci, 73 N.Y.2d 741, 742; Matter of S & S Pub, Inc. v. New York State Liq. Auth., 49 AD3d 654, 655; Matter of Gross v. New York State Dept. of Health, 277 A.D.2d 825). “In addition, under appropriate circumstances, statements from witnesses absent from the hearing may form the sole basis for an agency's ultimate determination” (Matter of A.J. & Taylor Rest. v. New York State Liq. Auth., 214 A.D.2d 727, 727; see Matter of O'Hara v. Brown, 193 A.D.2d 564).

Contrary to the petitioner's contention, two members of the Town Board were not precluded from making a final determination regarding his employment because the petitioner and seven other individuals commenced an unrelated lawsuit against them and four other individuals. The record indicates that the determination to terminate the petitioner's employment flowed from the evidence presented at the administrative hearing rather than any alleged bias (see Matter of Warder v. Board of Regents of Univ. of State of N.Y ., 53 N.Y.2d 186, 197, cert denied 454 U.S. 1125; Matter of Pettus v. New York State Dept. of Correctional Servs., 70 AD3d 1164; Matter of McComb v. Reasoner, 29 AD3d 795, 800; Matter of Sunnen v. Administrative Rev. Bd. for Professional Med. Conduct, 244 A.D.2d 790, 791, affd 48 AD3d 815).

Furthermore, there is no merit to the petitioner's claim that the charges set forth in the administrative complaint provided insufficient notice of the conduct with which he was charged. Here, the disciplinary charges were “reasonably specific, in light of all the relevant circumstances, so as to apprise the party who is the subject of the hearing and to allow such party to prepare an adequate defense” (Matter of Mangini v. Christopher, 290 A.D.2d 740, 743; see Matter of Block v. Ambach, 73 N.Y.2d 323, 332; Matter of Gizzo v. Town of Mamaroneck, 36 AD3d 162, 168).

Further, the penalty imposed was not so disproportionate to the offense as to be shocking to one's sense of fairness (see Matter of Kreisler v. New York City Tr. Auth., 2 NY3d 775, 776; Matter of Ward v. Juettner, 63 AD3d 748; Matter of Gustafson v. Town of N. Castle, N.Y., 45 AD3d 766, 767).

The petitioner's remaining contentions are either unpreserved for appellate review or without merit.

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