The People, etc., respondent, v. Allan Townsend, appellant.

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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

The People, etc., respondent, v. Allan Townsend, appellant.

2007-09577 2007-09604 (Ind.No. 2555/06)

Decided: February 16, 2010

FRED T. SANTUCCI, J.P. THOMAS A. DICKERSON CHERYL E. CHAMBERS SANDRA L. SGROI, JJ. Lynn W.L. Fahey, New York, N.Y. (Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP, New York, N.Y. [Peter A. Bick and Emily J. Green], of counsel), for appellant. Richard A. Brown, District Attorney, Kew Gardens, N.Y. (John M. Castellano, Jeanette Lifschitz, and Jennifer S. Michael of counsel), for respondent.

Argued-January 22, 2010


Appeals by the defendant from (1) a judgment of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Hollie, J.), rendered September 25, 2007, convicting him of assault in the second degree and criminal possession of a weapon in the fourth degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence, and (2) a resentence of the same court imposed October 9, 2007.

ORDERED that the judgment and the resentence are affirmed.

Contrary to the defendant's contention, the trial court's Sandoval ruling (see People v. Sandoval, 34 N.Y.2d 371) struck an appropriate balance between the probative value of the defendant's prior crimes and the possible prejudice to the defendant (see People v. Springer, 13 AD3d 657, 658).   The fact that several of the defendant's convictions were approximately 20 years old does not, in and of itself, require the preclusion of those convictions for purposes of impeachment (see People v. Springer, 13 AD3d 658).   Similarly, inquiry into the defendant's drug-related offenses need not be precluded on the basis of his alleged drug addiction (see People v. Hall, 99 A.D.2d 843).   The court precluded inquiry into the underlying facts of those prior offenses which involved the use of a weapon, and therefore were most prejudicial to the defendant.   The defendant's previous convictions were probative in evaluating his credibility, and thus the court's Sandoval ruling was proper (see People v. Hines, 3 AD3d 580;  People v. Williams, 292 A.D.2d 474, 475;  People v. Clarke, 265 A.D.2d 566).

The defendant's contention that he was deprived of a fair trial by the Supreme Court's examination of witnesses and other conduct during trial is unpreserved for appellate review (see People v. DeNormand, 1 AD3d 1047, 1048;  People v. Manigault, 297 A.D.2d 754;  People v. Orsini, 246 A.D.2d 674;  People v. Gonzalez, 183 A.D.2d 783) and, in any event, is without merit (see People v. DeNormand, 1 AD3d at 1048;  People v. Todd, 306 A.D.2d 504;  People v. Collado, 277 A.D.2d 393;  People v. Hartzog, 263 A.D.2d 492).



James Edward Pelzer

Clerk of the Court

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