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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

Jacinto Tomas QUEZADA, plaintiff-respondent, v. Hugo Antonio AQUINO, et al., defendants-respondents,

Meagan A. Dixon, et al., appellants.  (Action No. 1). Carlos Aquino, plaintiff-respondent, v. Hugo Antonio Aquino, et al., defendants-respondents,

Meagan A. Dixon, et al., appellants.  (Action No. 2). Hugo Antonio Aquino, plaintiff-respondent, v. J.F. Capellan-DeLeon, et al., defendants-respondents,

Meagan A. Dixon, et al., appellants.  (Action No. 3). Carmen Capellan, etc., et al., plaintiffs-respondents, v. Juan Francisco Capellan-DeLeon, et al., defendants-respondents,

Eleanor Dixon, et al., appellants.  (Action No. 4). Robert Bergman, Jr., etc., plaintiff, v. Hugo Antonio Aquino, et al., defendants.  (Action No. 5).

Decided: March 27, 2007

HOWARD MILLER, J.P., ROBERT A. SPOLZINO, DAVID S. RITTER, and MARK C. DILLON, JJ. Alan B. Brill, P.C., Suffern, N.Y. (Donna M. Brautigam of counsel), for appellants. Wilson, Bave, Conboy, Cozza & Couzens, P.C., White Plains, N.Y. (Erin Cola of counsel), for defendants-respondents J.F. Capellan-DeLeon, a/k/a Juan Francisco Cappellan-DeLeon, and Karina M. Capellan in Action Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4. Burke, Miele & Golden, LLP, Suffern, N.Y. (Phyllis A. Ingram, Robert M. Miele, Stephen B. Lowe, and Kevin Concagh of counsel), for plaintiff-respondent Carlos Aquino in Action No. 2.

In five related actions, inter alia, to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., Meagan A. Dixon and Eleanor M. Dixon, defendants in Action Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Rockland County (Garvey, J.), dated December 6, 2005, which denied their motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaints and all cross claims insofar as asserted against them in those actions.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.

 “The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the highway” (Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1129[a];  see Carhuayano v. J & R Hacking, 28 A.D.3d 413, 813 N.Y.S.2d 162;  David v. New York City Bd. of Educ., 19 A.D.3d 639, 797 N.Y.S.2d 294).   At the same time, the lead vehicle has a duty “not to stop suddenly or slow down without proper signaling so as to avoid a collision” (Purcell v. Axelsen, 286 A.D.2d 379, 380, 729 N.Y.S.2d 495;  see Carhuayano v. J & R Hacking, supra ).

 Meagan A. Dixon, who operated the lead vehicle in a multi-vehicle collision, and Eleanor M. Dixon, who owned that vehicle, submitted evidence of a rear-end collision sufficient to establish their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law (see Neidereger v. Misuraca, 27 A.D.3d 537, 811 N.Y.S.2d 758;  Rainford v. Sung S. Han, 18 A.D.3d 638, 795 N.Y.S.2d 645;  Malone v. Morillo, 6 A.D.3d 324, 775 N.Y.S.2d 312).   However, the papers submitted in opposition to the motion were sufficient to raise a triable issue of fact as to whether Meagan A. Dixon contributed to the accident by making a sudden and unexplained stop (see Taveras v. Amir, 24 A.D.3d 655, 808 N.Y.S.2d 368;  Gaeta v. Carter, 6 A.D.3d 576, 775 N.Y.S.2d 86;  Chepel v. Meyers, 306 A.D.2d 235, 762 N.Y.S.2d 95).

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