Raisa KATZ, et al., plaintiffs-respondents, v. CITY OF NEW YORK, defendant-respondent, Yekel Shteynberg, et al., appellants.
In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the defendants Yekel Shteynberg and Rozalia Shteynberg appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Knipel, J.), dated October 31, 2003, which denied their motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint and all cross claims insofar as asserted against them.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.
At issue here is whether the appellants, as abutting landowners, may be held liable for a defect in a public sidewalk. The evidence in the record presents an issue of fact as to whether the defect occurred in a portion of the sidewalk which was used by the appellants and their predecessors-in-interest as a driveway. A driveway constitutes a special use (see Tedeschi v. KMK Realty Corp., 8 A.D.3d 658, 780 N.Y.S.2d 150).
Where the defect which caused the accident is “adjacent” to a driveway, this court has dismissed causes of action against an abutting landowner on the ground that there was no evidence that the driveway contributed to the defective condition (see Ivanyushkina v. City of New York, 300 A.D.2d 544, 545, 752 N.Y.S.2d 693; Benenati v. City of New York, 282 A.D.2d 418, 419, 723 N.Y.S.2d 69; Winberry v. City of New York, 257 A.D.2d 618, 619, 684 N.Y.S.2d 290). However, where the defect occurs in a part of the sidewalk which is used as a driveway, the abutting landowner, on a motion for summary judgment, bears the burden of establishing that he or she did “nothing to either create the defective condition or cause the condition through” the special use of the property as a driveway (Breger v. City of New York, 297 A.D.2d 770, 771, 747 N.Y.S.2d 577).
A photograph of the accident site indicates that a tree root contributed to the accident. However, cracks adjacent to the raised portion of the sidewalk indicate that the weight of traffic from the driveway may have been a concurrent cause of the accident (see Karr v. City of New York, 161 A.D.2d 449, 450, 555 N.Y.S.2d 734).
The abutting landowners argued that they owned the property for only eight months at the time the accident occurred and that the condition of the sidewalk remained unchanged during their ownership. However, a duty to repair a special use runs with the land (see Kaufman v. Silver, 90 N.Y.2d 204, 208, 659 N.Y.S.2d 250, 681 N.E.2d 417). Liability for a defect arising from a special use is not dependent upon a finding that the defect arose while the appellants owned the property (see Feldman v. Kings Hero Rest., 270 A.D.2d 1, 703 N.Y.S.2d 476; Karr v. City of New York, supra, at 450, 555 N.Y.S.2d 734).
Accordingly, the appellants' motion for summary judgment was properly denied.