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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

IN RE: Craig BERKHAM, Sr., respondent, v. Adele VESSIA, appellant.

Decided: June 30, 2009

WILLIAM F. MASTRO, J.P., RANDALL T. ENG, ARIEL E. BELEN, and L. PRISCILLA HALL, JJ. Susan A. DeNatale, Shirley, N.Y., for appellant. Law Offices of Robert Dapelo, Esq., PC, Patchogue, N.Y. (Christopher L. Miller of counsel), for respondent. Robert C. Mitchell, Riverhead, N.Y. (Diane B. Groom of counsel), attorney for the child.

In two related child custody proceedings pursuant to Family Court Act article 6, the mother appeals from an order of the Family Court, Suffolk County (Tarantino, Jr., J.), dated February 29, 2008, which, after a hearing, granted the father's petition for sole custody of the parties' child and to direct that her visitation with the subject child be supervised, and denied her cross petition for sole custody of the subject child.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, without costs or disbursements.

 Contrary to the mother's contentions, the Family Court considered the appropriate factors in determining the best interests of the child (see Eschbach v. Eschbach, 56 N.Y.2d 167, 451 N.Y.S.2d 658, 436 N.E.2d 1260).   Since a custody determination necessarily depends to a great extent upon an assessment of the character and credibility of the parties and witnesses, deference is accorded the court's findings (see Cuccurullo v. Cuccurullo, 21 A.D.3d 983, 801 N.Y.S.2d 360).   Therefore, its findings should not be set aside unless they lack a sound and substantial basis in the record (see Matter of Nikolic v. Ingrassia, 47 A.D.3d 819, 820, 850 N.Y.S.2d 539;  Neuman v. Neuman, 19 A.D.3d 383, 384, 796 N.Y.S.2d 403).   The evidence presented at the hearing supports the Family Court's determination that the mother refused to obtain appropriate treatment for her serious mental health problem which impaired her ability to function adequately as the custodial parent (see Matter of Halpern v. Halpern, 20 A.D.3d 420, 421, 798 N.Y.S.2d 129;  Landau v. Landau, 214 A.D.2d 541, 541-542, 625 N.Y.S.2d 239).   Further, the evidence established that the father was recovering from his substance abuse problems and that the subject child was doing well in his care.   Consequently, the Family Court's determination to award sole custody to the father, which was consistent with the opinion of the court-appointed forensic expert and the position of the attorney for the child, has a sound and substantial basis in the record and will not be disturbed.

 Under these circumstances, the Family Court providently exercised its discretion in directing that the mother's visitation be supervised (see Matter of Westfall v. Westfall, 28 A.D.3d 1229, 1230, 813 N.Y.S.2d 623;  Matter of Anderson v. Sparks, 18 A.D.3d 656, 657, 795 N.Y.S.2d 631).

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