IN RE: RICHARD T. and Another

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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, New York.

IN RE: RICHARD T. and Another, Alleged to be Neglected Children. Columbia County Department of Social Services, Respondent; Carol T., Appellant.

Decided: November 24, 2004

Before:  PETERS, J.P., MUGGLIN, ROSE, LAHTINEN and KANE, JJ. Juliette M. Crill, Hillsdale, for appellant. Margaret Donnelly, Columbia County Department of Social Services, Hudson (James A. Carlucci, Hudson, of counsel), for respondent. Kenneth Esrick, Law Guardian, Chatham.

Appeal from an order of the Family Court of Columbia County (Czajka, J.), entered July 3, 2003, which granted petitioner's application, in a proceeding pursuant to Family Ct. Act article 10, to adjudicate respondent's children to be neglected.

Respondent is the mother of the two boys-ages 14 and 8 at the time of the incident-who are the subject of this neglect proceeding. Following a physical altercation between respondent and her mother who was acting as respondent's visitation supervisor, petitioner instituted this neglect proceeding against respondent claiming that the altercation in the presence of the children impaired, or is in imminent danger of impairing, the physical, mental or emotional condition of the children.   At the conclusion of the fact-finding hearing, Family Court determined that neglect had been sufficiently established and, upon the dispositional hearing, modified the preexisting order to place supervised visitation under the control of petitioner.   Respondent now appeals.

Initially, we note that a neglected child is a child less than 18 years of age:

“whose physical, mental or emotional condition has been impaired or is in imminent danger of becoming impaired as a result of the failure of his parent ․ to exercise a minimum degree of care ․ in providing the child with proper supervision or guardianship, by unreasonably inflicting or allowing to be inflicted harm, or a substantial risk thereof” (Family Ct. Act § 1012[f][i][B] ).

The Court of Appeals recently addressed this issue in Nicholson v. Scoppetta, 3 N.Y.3d 357, 787 N.Y.S.2d 196, 820 N.E.2d 840, 2004 WL 2381177 [Oct. 26, 2004], stating that “a party seeking to establish neglect must show, by a preponderance of the evidence (see Family Ct. Act § 1046[b][i] ), first, that a child's physical, mental or emotional condition has been impaired or is in imminent danger of becoming impaired and second, that the actual or threatened harm to the child is a consequence of the failure of the parent or caretaker to exercise a minimum degree of care in providing the child with proper supervision or guardianship” (id. at 368, 787 N.Y.S.2d at 201, 820 N.E.2d at 845).

 Unlike Nicholson v. Scoppetta, supra, which addressed situations where the sole allegation is that the mother was abused and the child observed the abuse, we are here confronted by Family Court findings of fact that respondent was the instigator of a physical altercation with her mother which occurred in the presence of both children.   Moreover, while the elder boy attempted to separate the two women, the younger boy, visibly crying and shaking, telephoned his father who came from next door and finally was able to separate the two protagonists.   Although respondent and her mother differed as to how the altercation started, Family Court's decision to credit the testimony of respondent's mother has a sound and substantial basis in the record and Family Court's credibility determinations in this case should be accorded great deference (see Matter of Bruce BB. v. Debra CC., 307 A.D.2d 408, 409-410, 761 N.Y.S.2d 733 [2003];  Matter of Mariah CC. [Joann DD.], 302 A.D.2d 799, 800, 756 N.Y.S.2d 661 [2003] ).   In addition, the father's testimony established that both children were visibly upset by witnessing this altercation.

 As to the second element of neglect, parental behavior must be evaluated objectively by using the reasonable and prudent parent standard (see Nicholson v. Scoppetta, supra at 370-371, 787 N.Y.S.2d at 201-203, 820 N.E.2d at 845-847).   Respondent's conduct fails this test.   A fair reading of the record reveals that respondent blamed her mother for the older boy's unhappiness with supervised visitation and physically attacked her as the argument escalated.   No reasonable prudent parent would do so, let alone in the presence of his or her children.   We have previously held that similar conduct, even though it occurred on only one occasion, constituted proof of neglect (see Matter of Tami G. [Mark G.], 209 A.D.2d 869, 619 N.Y.S.2d 222 [1994], lv. denied 85 N.Y.2d 804, 626 N.Y.S.2d 755, 650 N.E.2d 414 [1995] ).

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, without costs.



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