IN RE: the Application of Robin GARSON, for the Appointment of a Guardian for the Person and/or Property of Sarah Gershenoff, a Person Alleged to be Incapacitated.
This is an application, pursuant to Mental Hygiene Law § 81.44, to compel an accounting and the turnover of funds to the property management guardian for Sarah Gershenoff.
By order of the court dated March 21, 2002, Robert Kruger was appointed guardian of the property of Sarah Gershenoff, a cognitively impaired 91 year old woman living at home with around-the-clock home care. The case has occasioned some notoriety because Ms. Gershenoff's nephews, Michael and Gerald Garson, are sitting Supreme Court Justices in Kings County and Robin Garson, Gerald Garson's wife, is a Civil Court Judge, and the Guardian of Sarah Gershenoff's personal needs.
In March of 1997, Ms. Gershenoff executed a series of powers of attorney naming Michael Garson as her attorney-in-fact. From March of 1997 through December of 2000, the Garson family withdrew over $600,000 from Ms. Gershenoff's accounts. Roughly $350,000 of these funds were “gifted” to Garson family members. The balance of these funds, after deducting verifiable expenses, amounts to roughly $163,000, and it is this $163,000 representing withdrawals and reimbursements for which no documentation exists that the guardian of the property of Ms. Gershenoff demands be returned to the estate (Tr. at 177).
The guardian also states that the current expenses exceed income by almost $4000.00 per month and that the estate faces imminent depletion. Michael Garson has offered, on the record, to cover the “shortfall” for one year in settlement of the estate's claim.
The court took the testimony on December 8th, 12th and 16th of Howard Fein, a certified Public Accountant, and of Justice Michael Garson. The parties agree that although the guardian for Ms. Gershenoff's property originally claimed slightly in excess of $178,000 as undocumented withdrawals, the actual amount in dispute is $163,000. The parties also stipulated that “Sarah Gershenoff, during the period from 1997 through 2000 ate most of her meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) out at various local food establishments and restaurants, seven days a week, accompanied by her aide, (when she had an aide), and at Sarah Gershenoff's expense” (Stipulation dated December 8, 2003).
The sum and substance of Mr. Fein and Justice Garson's testimony was that Justice Garson gave Ms. Gershenoff cash to cover her out of pocket living expenses and paid her aides in cash. Justice Garson claims that the sum of the cash he expended actually exceeds the amount of undocumented withdrawals.
As relevant, Justice Garson testified about Ms. Gershenoff's lifestyle, and how, during the course of the three year and nine month period of his stewardship, he replenished the cash in Ms. Gershenoff's purse on a weekly basis so that there was always $400-$600 on hand (Tr. at 52, 53). He described Ms. Gershenoff's shopping and dining habits, and additionally testified to cash payments made to Ms. Gershenoff's aides.
Based on information supplied by Justice Garson regarding Ms. Gershenoff's lifestyle, and from her tax, pension, interest and dividend statements, Mr. Fein constructed a cash flow sheet which purports to account for Justice Garson's undocumented withdrawals.
The analysis is however, fundamentally flawed in that it is not a closed end system and many of the items listed as expenses are clearly items which would have been paid for by check. These items include rent, utilities, telephone, car service, beach club membership, and medical insurance. Indeed from the check registers presented by Justice Garson (Respondents' Exhibits A, B, C), these items had previously been paid for by check. Additionally, and from what few receipts Justice Garson provided, it appears that Ms. Gershenoff frequently used her American Express card to pay for some of her dining expenses, and for medications and sundries purchased at a local Duane Reade store (Respondents' Exhibits E, F). In short, it is simply impossible for this court to determine with any degree of certainty how much of Ms. Gershenoff's expenses were paid for by check and how much was paid for in cash.
The court notes, that although most of the notoriety attending this case focused on “gifts” made to various members of the Garson family, that issue is not before the court. Medicaid gifting or Medicaid planning, has received Judicial sanction from our highest court (Matter of Shah, 95 N.Y.2d 148, 711 N.Y.S.2d 824, 733 N.E.2d 1093  ), and although the gifting was done prior to the appointment of a guardian and without judicial sanction, there is no claim by the guardian of Ms. Gershenoff's property for a return of these gifts. The issue before this court is the undocumented withdrawals that occurred outside of the gifting.
When Justice Garson consented to act as an attorney in fact, he became a fiduciary. A power of attorney creates a fiduciary relationship between principa1 and agent (Matter of Roth, 283 A.D.2d 504, 724 N.Y.S.2d 476 [2nd Dept.2001]; Mantella v. Mantella, 268 A.D.2d 852, 701 N.Y.S.2d 715 [3rd Dept.2000]; Guardianship of Kent, 188 Misc.2d 509, 729 N.Y.S.2d 352 [Sup. Court, Dutchess County, 2001] ). As such, Justice Garson had a duty to act with the utmost good faith in accordance with the principles of moral fidelity, loyalty and fair dealing (Semmler v. Naples, 166 A.D.2d 751, 563 N.Y.S.2d 116 [3rd Dept.1990], App. Dismissed, 77 N.Y.2d 936, 569 N.Y.S.2d 607, 572 N.E.2d 48  ). That duty, as far as it relates to this proceeding, includes accounting for all of the withdrawals made from Ms. Gershenoff's accounts (Guardianship of Kent, supra).
The right to an accounting is premised on the relationship of the parties. There is no requirement that there be any allegation of wrongdoing (Morgulas v. J. Yudell Realty, Inc., 161 A.D.2d 211, 554 N.Y.S.2d 597 [1st Dept.1990] ). However, the burden of establishing the legitimacy of all of these transactions lies with the fiduciary (Gordon v. Bialystoker Center and Bikur Cholim, Inc., 45 N.Y.2d 692, 412 N.Y.S.2d 593, 385 N.E.2d 285 ; Sepulveda v. Aviles, 308 A.D.2d 1, 762 N.Y.S.2d 358 [1st Dept.2003] ), and it is the failure to establish the legitimacy of these transactions that renders a fiduciary liable.
Justice Garson admittedly kept no records of cash payments made on behalf of or to his Aunt (Tr. at 126, 130, 134), and made no attempt to organize or recover receipts until after his stewardship ended. He claims that what receipts he had were either turned over to the late Lynn Terrelonge, the initial court evaluator, or were purloined by his cousin Janice Tannen (Tr. at 74). Additionally, and inexplicably, some receipts have trickled in from the estate of Ms. Gershenoff's late accountant, a Mr. Mendez. There are however, no contemporaneous records or ongoing accounts of cash expenditures.
As a fiduciary, Justice Garson had a duty to account for the monies he withdrew from his Aunt's accounts; that is the standard by which he is being held to account, and to the extent that he has been unable to do so, renders him liable.
The court concludes that Justice Garson has breached his fiduciary duty in that he has failed to account for the funds at issue in this application, and that he is liable to Ms. Gershenoff's estate for the amount unaccounted for. Accordingly, Justice Michael Garson is directed to return $163,000 to the guardian for the property of Ms. Gershenoff.
This memorandum opinion constitutes the decision of the Court.
Settle Order and Judgment.
WALTER B. TOLUB, J.