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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, New York.

IN RE: JOSHUA FF., an Infant. Amber EE. et al., Respondents; Karl DD., Appellant.

Decided: October 21, 2004

Before:  CARDONA, P.J., PETERS, MUGGLIN, ROSE and KANE, JJ. John Cirando, Syracuse, for appellant. Case & Leader L.L.P., Gouverneur (Henry J. Leader of counsel), for respondents.

Appeal from an order of the Surrogate's Court of St. Lawrence County (Rogers, S.), entered February 7, 2003, which granted petitioners' application, in a proceeding pursuant to Domestic Relations Law article 7, finding that respondent's consent was not required for the adoption of Joshua FF.

Respondent is the biological father of Joshua FF. (born in 1999).   On November 6, 2002, the child's biological mother, petitioner Amber EE. (hereinafter petitioner), and her spouse commenced this proceeding for an order of adoption without respondent's consent.   Following a hearing at which all parties testified, respondent's consent was dispensed with on the ground of abandonment (see Domestic Relations Law § 111[2][a];  [6][a], [b] ).  Respondent appeals.

 To be successful here, petitioners had to establish, by clear and convincing evidence, that respondent has “evince[d] an intent to forgo his ․ parental or custodial rights and obligations as manifested by his ․ failure for a period of six months to visit the child and communicate with the child or person having legal custody of the child, although able to do so” (Domestic Relations Law § 111[2][a];  see Matter of Shauna B. [Tracy D.], 305 A.D.2d 737, 737, 759 N.Y.S.2d 563 [2003];  Matter of James Q. [Peter S.-James R.], 240 A.D.2d 841, 842, 658 N.Y.S.2d 535 [1997];  Matter of Joshua [Gilbert C.-Mary Jo C.], 216 A.D.2d 749, 751, 628 N.Y.S.2d 827 [1995], lv. denied 86 N.Y.2d 709, 634 N.Y.S.2d 442, 658 N.E.2d 220 [1995] ).   Focusing on the relevant period, May 6, 2002 through November 6, 2002 (see Domestic Relations Law § 111[2][a] ), the record fully supports the conclusion of Surrogate's Court that respondent's consent was not necessary.   Respondent had not seen the child since he was 5 1/212 months old.   Aside from $70 in December 1999 and $40 in January 2000, no financial assistance was provided.   During the relevant period, the child had not received any cards, gifts or telephone calls from respondent and no attempts were made to contact petitioner through other family members.   Although these deficiencies could be tempered if sufficiently explained (see Matter of Joshua II. [David JJ.-Richard II.], 296 A.D.2d 646, 647, 745 N.Y.S.2d 112 [2002], lv. denied 98 N.Y.2d 613, 749 N.Y.S.2d 475, 779 N.E.2d 186 [2002];  Matter of Joshua [Gilbert C.-Mary Jo C.], supra at 751, 628 N.Y.S.2d 827), respondent admitted that he last spoke with petitioner in February 2002.   While he, instead, focused on the extensive communications with her in March 2000, he blamed his lack of contact during the relevant period on petitioner's pattern of blocking his efforts to inquire about the child's welfare.   Notably, he knew where petitioner was working, knew the town where she and the child were residing and knew that petitioner's mother lived nearby.   For these reasons, we are unpersuaded that petitioner's conduct was the basis for respondent's lack of contact with the child (see Matter of James Q. [Peter S.-James R.], supra at 843, 658 N.Y.S.2d 535;   Matter of Joshua [Gilbert C.-Mary Jo C.], supra at 751-752, 628 N.Y.S.2d 827).

Nor do we find merit in respondent's contention that Surrogate's Court abused its discretion by not, sua sponte, appointing a Law Guardian pursuant to Family Ct. Act § 249.   Recognizing that such appointment would not be mandatory under these circumstances, the record reflects that respondent was given an ample opportunity to address any and all issues of concern (see Matter of Joshua [Gilbert C.-Mary Jo C.], supra at 762, 628 N.Y.S.2d 827;  Matter of Amanda, 197 A.D.2d 923, 924, 602 N.Y.S.2d 461 [1993], lv. denied 82 N.Y.2d 662, 610 N.Y.S.2d 150, 632 N.E.2d 460 [1993] ).

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, without costs.



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