ROSENBAUM v. BAYIS NE EMON INC

Reset A A Font size: Print

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

Moshe ROSENBAUM, et al., respondents, v. BAYIS NE'EMON, INC., d/b/a Camp Esther, appellant, et al., defendant.

Decided: August 29, 2006

ROBERT W. SCHMIDT, J.P., DAVID S. RITTER, FRED T. SANTUCCI, and ROBERT J. LUNN, JJ. Kaufman Borgeest & Ryan, LLP, Valhalla, N.Y. (Jacqueline Mandell of counsel), for appellant. Gross Schwartz Goldstone & Campisi, LLP, New York, N.Y. (Alexander J. Wulwick of counsel), for respondents.

In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the defendant Bayis Ne'Emon, Inc., d/b/a Camp Esther appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Schneier, J.), dated June 17, 2005, which denied its motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against it.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.

The plaintiff Moshe Rosenbaum (hereinafter the plaintiff) was injured when his foot slipped into a hole while playing a game of badminton on premises owned by the defendant Bayis Ne'Emon, Inc., d/b/a Camp Esther (hereinafter the appellant).   The Supreme Court denied the appellant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against it based on the doctrine of assumption of risk.   We affirm.

 “Participants in sporting events may be held to have consented to injury-causing events which are the known, apparent, or reasonably foreseeable risks of their participation” (Colucci v. Nansen Park, 226 A.D.2d 336, 640 N.Y.S.2d 578;  see also Turcotte v. Fell, 68 N.Y.2d 432, 439, 510 N.Y.S.2d 49, 502 N.E.2d 964;  Manoly v. City of New York, 29 A.D.3d 649, 816 N.Y.S.2d 499).   However, the doctrine of assumption of risk will not serve as a bar to liability if the risk is “unassumed, concealed, or unreasonably increased” (Lapinski v. Hunter Mtn. Ski Bowl, 306 A.D.2d 320, 321, 760 N.Y.S.2d 549).

 Here, the appellant failed to make a prima facie showing of entitlement to judgment as a matter of law (see generally Alvarez v. Prospect Hosp., 68 N.Y.2d 320, 508 N.Y.S.2d 923, 501 N.E.2d 572).   The record indicates that at least a portion of the subject hole was concealed by an object which has been described by witnesses as being either a cesspool cover or a manhole cover and, as such, was not readily observable.   Accordingly, it cannot be concluded as a matter of law that the plaintiff assumed the risk of the injury-causing event (see Morgan v. State of New York, 90 N.Y.2d 471, 662 N.Y.S.2d 421, 685 N.E.2d 202).   Under these circumstances, we need not consider whether the plaintiffs' opposition to the motion was sufficient to raise a triable issue of fact (see Chaplin v. Taylor, 273 A.D.2d 188, 708 N.Y.S.2d 465;  Mariaca-Olmos v. Mizrhy, 226 A.D.2d 437, 640 N.Y.S.2d 604).

Copied to clipboard