The People of the State of New York, Respondent, v. Roderick Prude, Defendant–Appellant.

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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.

The People of the State of New York, Respondent, v. Roderick Prude, Defendant–Appellant.


Decided: November 08, 2018

Renwick, J.P., Manzanet–Daniels, Mazzarelli, Webber, Singh, JJ. Robert S. Dean, Center for Appellate Litigation, New York (Christina Wong of counsel), for appellant.


Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Larry R.C. Stephen, J. at suppression hearing;  Bonnie G. Wittner, J. at plea and sentencing), rendered December 3, 2015, convicting defendant of criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree, and sentencing him to three years' probation, unanimously modified, as a matter of discretion in the interest of justice, to the extent of reducing the sentence to a conditional discharge for a period of three years, and otherwise affirmed.

The court properly denied defendant's suppression motion.  There is no basis for disturbing the court's credibility determinations, which are supported by the record (see People v. Prochilo, 41 N.Y.2d 759, 761 [1977] ).  Defendant's argument that, even if credited, the testimony did not establish reasonable suspicion for stopping him for carrying a knife on the subway is unpreserved, and we decline to review it in the interest of justice.  As an alternative holding, we find that the officer's observation of “part of a knife”—which was attached by a clip to defendant's pocket, with the bulk of the knife inside the pocket—established reasonable suspicion that defendant was violating 21 NYCRR 1050.8(a), which prohibits the carrying of weapons or dangerous instruments on the subway.  The officer's ensuing actions, in removing the knife from defendant's pocket, and arresting him after determining that the knife was a gravity knife, were also proper.

We find the sentence excessive to the extent indicated.

The Decision and Order of this Court entered herein on October 9, 2018 is hereby recalled and vacated (see M–5427 decided simultaneously herewith).