Nancy Solomon–Cox, et al., E Plaintiffs–Appellants, v. Expert Builders 26, Inc., Defendant–Respondent, Edison L. Sanchez, Defendant.
Order, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Lizbeth Gonzalez, J.), entered January 20, 2015, which denied plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction, “deem[ed]” defendant Expert Builders 26 Inc. the bona fide purchaser and owner of the subject premises, directed entry of a money judgment against plaintiffs for use and occupancy, and vacated all stays of the warrant of eviction, unanimously modified, on the law, to vacate so much of the order as deemed Expert Builders 26, Inc. the owner of the premises and directed entry of a money judgment for use and occupancy, and otherwise affirmed, without costs.
The court erred in resolving a factual issue in deciding plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction (see Guggenheimer v. Ginzburg, 43 N.Y.2d 268, 272  ). Before a court may treat a motion addressed to the pleadings as a summary judgment motion, it must give notice to the parties (id.). Moreover, whether defendant was a bona fide purchaser of the subject property for value is an issue of fact that cannot be resolved on the pleadings. While defendant's president asserted in his affidavit that plaintiffs represented that they rented the subject premises, construed in a light most favorable to plaintiffs, the complaint and plaintiff's other submissions establish that plaintiffs held themselves out as the owners of the property.