MARK D. PLUMLEY AND TINA A. PLUMLEY, PLAINTIFFS–APPELLANTS, v. ERIE BOULEVARD HYDROPOWER, L.P., DEFENDANT–RESPONDENT.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiffs appeal from an order that, inter alia, granted that part of defendant's motion seeking to dismiss the complaint on the ground that the action was barred by collateral estoppel (see CPLR 3211[a] ), and on the further ground that, pursuant to CPLR 3211(c), defendant was entitled to summary judgment because there was no material issue of fact to be tried. We agree with plaintiffs that Supreme Court erred in determining that the action was barred by collateral estoppel. Collateral estoppel “applies only ‘if the issue in the second action is identical to an issue which was raised, necessarily decided and material in the first action, and the plaintiff had a full and fair opportunity to litigate the issue in the earlier action’ “ (City of New York v. Welsbach Elec. Corp., 9 NY3d 124, 128, quoting Parker v Blauvelt Volunteer Fire Co., 93 N.Y.2d 343, 349). We conclude that the primary issue in this action was not previously litigated and decided against plaintiffs in a prior action. We further conclude, however, that the court, in treating defendant's motion as one for summary judgment pursuant to CPLR 3211(c), properly granted the motion. Defendant met its burden of establishing that it was under no obligation to include plaintiffs in a “global” settlement agreement that defendant reached with other parties situated similarly to plaintiffs. In opposition, plaintiffs established only that they had a “mere agreement to agree” with defendant, which “is unenforceable” (Joseph Martin, Jr., Delicatessen v Schumacher, 52 N.Y.2d 105, 109; see Willmott v. Giarraputo, 5 N.Y.2d 250, 253). Thus, it was insufficient to defeat defendant's motion (see generally Zuckerman v. City of New York, 49 N.Y.2d 557, 562).
Frances E. Cafarell
Clerk of the Court