THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT, v. DESHEQUAN L. NATHAN, DEFENDANT–APPELLANT.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Memorandum: Defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him upon a jury verdict of manslaughter in the first degree (Penal Law § 125.20 ). The conviction stemmed from a street corner fistfight involving a group of teenagers and other young adults during which a shot was fired from defendant's gun, striking and killing a 16–year–old victim. The People presented evidence at trial that, during the altercation, defendant intentionally aimed the gun at the victim and shot him. Although defendant did not deny that his gun discharged and struck the victim, defendant presented evidence that the gun accidentally discharged while he was using it as a club in an attempt to protect one of his friends by preventing one of the other participants, Kavin Rowe, from pulling a gun out of his waistband. Thus, at trial, defendant contended that his use of physical force was justified in defense of a third person (§ 35.15 ).
We reject defendant's contention on appeal that Supreme Court erred in instructing the jury that, before it considered the defense of justification, it had to “first decide whether or not the defendant had actually used physical force against [Rowe]” (see generally People v. Spinks, 244 A.D.2d 921, 921–922). The isolated portions of the charge challenged by defendant did not improperly shift the burden of proof to defendant (see generally id. at 922). Further, when the instructions are viewed in their entirety, the charge was a correct statement of the law, and properly identified and framed a factual issue for the jury (see People v. DiGuglielmo, 258 A.D.2d 591, 592, lv denied 93 N.Y.2d 923; see generally People v. Coleman, 70 N.Y.2d 817, 819). We reject defendant's further contention that the court erred in refusing to charge the jury with respect to the voluntariness of defendant's statements to the police. A court is required to provide a charge regarding the voluntariness of defendant's statements only if defendant raises that issue, and “evidence sufficient to raise a factual dispute [is] adduced either by direct or cross-examination” (People v. Cefaro, 23 N.Y.2d 283, 288–289; see People v. Medina, 93 AD3d 459, 460, lv denied 19 NY3d 999). Inasmuch as defendant did not submit any evidence presenting a genuine question of fact as to the voluntariness of his statements, the court was not required to instruct the jury on that issue (see People v. White, 27 AD3d 884, 886, lv denied 7 NY3d 764).
Defendant also contends that the court erred in denying his request for an adverse inference charge concerning the failure of the police to record defendant's interrogation. “ ‘[T]his Court has repeatedly determined ․ that the failure to record a defendant's interrogation electronically does not constitute a denial of due process' ․, and thus an adverse inference charge was not warranted” (People v. Holloway, 71 AD3d 1486, 1487, lv denied 15 NY3d 774; see People v. McMillon, 77 AD3d 1375, lv denied 16 NY3d 897). Finally, defendant's sentence is not unduly harsh or severe.
Frances E. Cafarell
Clerk of the Court