Jeremiah BIGGS, Plaintiff–Respondent, v. David HESS, Anthony Almeda, Defendants, Anthony Bernardi, Doing Business as Tony's Construction, Defendant–Appellant.
Plaintiff commenced this Labor Law and common-law negligence action seeking damages for injuries he sustained when the ladder on which he was standing slipped out from under him, causing him to fall. At the time of the accident, plaintiff was painting the interior of a garage on property owned by defendants David Hess and Anthony Almeda. Prior to plaintiff's accident, Almeda hired Anthony Bernardi, doing business as Tony's Construction (defendant), to demolish a house on the property and remove debris. According to plaintiff, the painting of the garage (hereafter, painting project) was part of a larger renovation project on the property, for which defendant was the general contractor, and defendant supervised and controlled the painting project.
We reject defendant's contention that Supreme Court erred in denying his cross motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint against him. Defendant met his initial burden on the cross motion by submitting admissible evidence establishing that he was not the general contractor for the painting project, that he did not own the property where the accident occurred and that he did not supervise or control plaintiff's work (see Uzar v. Louis P. Ciminelli Constr. Co., Inc., 53 A.D.3d 1078, 1079, 862 N.Y.S.2d 234; see generally Zuckerman v. City of New York, 49 N.Y.2d 557, 562, 427 N.Y.S.2d 595, 404 N.E.2d 718). In opposition to the cross motion, however, plaintiff raised a triable issue of fact whether defendant was liable as a general contractor (see generally Zuckerman, 49 N.Y.2d at 562, 427 N.Y.S.2d 595, 404 N.E.2d 718). Plaintiff submitted an affidavit in which he averred, inter alia, that he overheard phone conversations between a coworker and defendant in which the coworker apprised defendant of their progress on the painting project and defendant provided instructions for completing the work. Although several of the statements in plaintiff's affidavit constitute hearsay, it is well established that “ ‘hearsay evidence may be considered in opposition to a motion for summary judgment,’ provided that it is not the only proof relied upon by the opposing party” (X–Med, Inc. v. Western N.Y. Spine, Inc., 74 A.D.3d 1708, 1710, 903 N.Y.S.2d 215). Here, plaintiff also averred that he spoke with defendant two days before the accident and, at that time, defendant gave plaintiff and his coworker permission to remove copper wire from the house before it was demolished and told plaintiff that “there was additional work he needed ․ done on the premises.”
Contrary to the contention of defendant, plaintiff's statement in his affidavit that defendant told him, on the day of the copper removal, that he had “additional work” on the premises does not contradict plaintiff's deposition testimony that he learned of the painting project through his coworker. Indeed, plaintiff was not questioned at his deposition with respect to any conversations that he may have had with defendant on the day of the copper removal. We thus conclude that plaintiff's affidavit “is not merely an attempt to raise a feigned issue of fact” (Schwartz v. Vukson, 67 A.D.3d 1398, 1400, 889 N.Y.S.2d 780; see Hernandez v. Bethel United Methodist Church of N.Y., 49 A.D.3d 251, 253, 853 N.Y.S.2d 305).
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.