IN RE: the Application of Petitioner/Condemnor NEW YORK STATE URBAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, Doing Business as Empire State Development Corporation, Petitioner–Appellant, To Acquire in Fee Simple Certain Real Property Currently Owned by Fallsite, LLC, and Known As: 232 Sixth Street, City of Niagara Falls, 700 Rainbow Blvd., City of Niagara Falls, 231 Sixth Street, City of Niagara Falls, 626 Rainbow Blvd., City of Niagara Falls, 701 Falls Street, City of Niagara Falls, Situated in the County of Niagara, State of New York and Having, Respectively; The Following Tax Sections, Blocks, and Lots: 159.09–2–25.122, 159.09–2–25.112, 159.09–2–25.121, 159.09–2–25.111, 159.09–2–25.211, Together With All Compensable Interests Therein Currently Owned by Fallsite, LLC, Fallsville Splash, LLC and Any Other Condemnees Who are Currently Unknown. Fallsite, LLC and Fallsville Splash, LLC, Respondents–Respondents.
In this condemnation proceeding, petitioner appeals from an order of Supreme Court (Boniello, III, J.) directing the parties to appear for a scheduling conference with respect to respondents' motion to vacate a stipulated vesting order signed by Justice Boniello in July 2006. Pursuant to the vesting order, respondents surrendered title to the condemned property in return for an advance payment of $17 million, while reserving their right to receive additional compensation under EDPL 304(A)(3). Respondents later sought additional compensation, and the matter proceeded to trial before a different justice, i.e., Acting Supreme Court Justice Kloch, Sr. Following a 17–day trial, Justice Kloch ruled that the advance payment exceeded the property's value by $120,523.55. Respondents thereafter moved before Justice Boniello to vacate the vesting order, alleging, inter alia, that they were fraudulently induced to stipulate to that order. Petitioner contends on appeal that the motion should have been made to Justice Kloch, who presided over the lengthy valuation trial, rather than to Justice Boniello. We agree.
Although a motion to vacate an order should generally be made to the justice who signed the order (see CPLR 2221[a] ), an exception exists where the Rules of the Chief Administrator of the Courts provide otherwise (see CPLR 2221[b] ). Here, the Uniform Rules for the New York State Trial Courts (specifically the rule entitled “Individual assignment system [IAS]; structure),” as promulgated by the Chief Administrator of the Courts, provide that, once a judge is assigned to a case, that judge becomes the “ ‘assigned judge’ with respect to that matter and, except as otherwise provided in [22 NYCRR 202.3](c), ․ shall conduct all further proceedings therein” (22 NYCRR 202.3[b] ). None of the exceptions set forth in subdivision (c) are applicable here. The IAS rules further provide that “[a]ll motions shall be returnable before the assigned judge” (22 NYCRR 202.8[a] ). By the adoption of the IAS, “the CPLR 2221 requirement of referral of motions to a Judge who granted an order on a prior motion has been modified to provide for consistency with the mandate of the [IAS] that all motions in a case shall be addressed to the assigned Judge” (Ministry of Christ Church v. Mallia, 129 A.D.2d 922, 923, 514 N.Y.S.2d 563, lv. dismissed 70 N.Y.2d 746, 519 N.Y.S.2d 1032, 514 N.E.2d 390; see also Billings v. Berkshire Mut. Ins. Co., 133 A.D.2d 919, 919–920, 520 N.Y.S.2d 463, lv. dismissed 70 N.Y.2d 1002, 526 N.Y.S.2d 438, 521 N.E.2d 445; Dalrymple v. Martin Luther King Community Health Ctr., 127 A.D.2d 69, 72–73, 514 N.Y.S.2d 385).
We are unable to discern from the record before us why this case was referred to Justice Kloch rather than Justice Boniello when respondents sought additional compensation. Having presided over the case without objection for several years, however, we are compelled to conclude that Justice Kloch became and remains the IAS judge. Unlike Justice Boniello, whose involvement with the case was limited to having signed the stipulated vesting order in July 2006, Justice Kloch is intimately familiar with the underlying facts relevant to the vacatur motion (see Dalrymple, 127 A.D.2d at 72, 514 N.Y.S.2d 385). In fact, almost all of the issues raised in the vacatur motion were raised in a post-trial motion brought before Justice Kloch, who had yet to render a decision thereon when respondents filed the instant motion before Justice Boniello. Under the circumstances, we conclude that the order on appeal must be vacated, and we remit the matter to Justice Kloch as the IAS justice to determine respondents' motion.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously vacated on the law without costs and the matter is remitted to Supreme Court, Niagara County (Kloch, Sr., A.J.), for further proceedings.