Joseph MORAN and Rose Marie Moran, Plaintiffs–Appellants, v. Joseph L. MUSCARELLA, Jr., D.O., et al., Defendants, Kaleida Health, Buffalo General Hospital, Melinda S. Barone, RNFA, Sinisa Markovic, M.D., and Buffalo Anesthesia Associates, P.C., Defendants–Respondents.
Plaintiffs commenced this medical malpractice action to recover damages for injuries sustained by Joseph Moran (plaintiff) while he was undergoing a total thyroidectomy, central node dissection and right lateral node dissection. Defendant Joseph L. Muscarella, Jr., D.O., plaintiff's private physician, performed the surgery at defendant Buffalo General Hospital (Hospital), which was owned, operated and controlled by defendant Kaleida Health (Kaleida). Dr. Muscarella was assisted by, inter alia, defendant Melinda S. Barone, RNFA, who was employed by the Hospital. Dr. Muscarella was also assisted by defendant Sinisa Markovic, M.D., who was employed by defendant Buffalo Anesthesia Associates, P.C. (collectively, Markovic defendants). According to plaintiffs, defendants improperly positioned him using two positioning devices during the surgery, causing him to sustain injuries to his back and right arm. We conclude that Supreme Court properly granted the motion of Barone, the Hospital and Kaleida (collectively, Hospital defendants), as well as the motion of the Markovic defendants, for summary judgment dismissing the complaint and all cross claims against them.
We conclude that the Hospital defendants established their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law. It is well settled that, “[i]n general, a hospital may not be held vicariously liable for the malpractice of a private attending physician who is not an employee, and may not be held concurrently liable unless its employees committed independent acts of negligence or the attending physician's orders were contraindicated by normal practice such that ordinary prudence required inquiry into the correctness of [his or her orders]” (Toth v. Bloshinsky, 39 A.D.3d 848, 850, 835 N.Y.S.2d 301). Here, it is undisputed that Dr. Muscarella was a private physician chosen by plaintiff. It is also undisputed that the Hospital's employees were following the orders of Dr. Muscarella and that he had the ultimate responsibility in positioning plaintiff with the positioning devices used during the surgery. There is also no evidence that Dr. Muscarella's orders “were contraindicated by normal practice such that ordinary prudence required inquiry into the correctness of [his orders]” (id.; see Lorenzo v. Kahn, 74 A.D.3d 1711, 1712–1713, 903 N.Y.S.2d 222).
We further conclude that the Markovic defendants established their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law. In support of their motion, the Markovic defendants submitted, inter alia, Dr. Markovic's expert affirmation in which he opined that the care and treatment of plaintiff was at all times within the standard of care. Dr. Markovic also averred that it was Dr. Muscarella's responsibility to position plaintiff using the positioning devices (see generally Graziano v. Cooling, 79 A.D.3d 803, 804, 913 N.Y.S.2d 302).
Once the Hospital defendants and the Markovic defendants established their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law, “[t]he burden then shifted to plaintiffs to raise triable issues of fact by submitting a physician's affidavit both attesting to a departure from accepted practice and containing the attesting [physician's] opinion that [those] defendant[s'] omissions or departures were a competent producing cause of the injury” (O'Shea v. Buffalo Med. Group, P.C., 64 A.D.3d 1140, 1141, 882 N.Y.S.2d 619, lv. dismissed 13 N.Y.3d 834, 890 N.Y.S.2d 449, 918 N.E.2d 964 [internal quotation marks omitted] ). Contrary to plaintiffs' contention, the expert affidavits submitted in opposition to the motions “are speculative [and] unsupported by any evidentiary foundation” (Diaz v. New York Downtown Hosp., 99 N.Y.2d 542, 544, 754 N.Y.S.2d 195, 784 N.E.2d 68), and thus they are insufficient to raise triable issues of fact. We have reviewed plaintiffs' remaining contention and conclude that it is without merit.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.