IN RE: Albert P. McLIESH, Jr., Petitioner-Respondent, v. TOWN OF WESTERN, et al., Respondents, James Marquette and Joan Marquette, Respondents-Appellants.
Petitioner commenced this CPLR article 78 proceeding seeking, inter alia, to annul the determination of respondent Town of Western Zoning Board of Appeals (ZBA) denying his application for an area variance to construct a detached garage on his residential property. Respondents-appellants (hereafter, respondents), the owners of a parcel of property adjacent to petitioner's property, appeal from a judgment granting the petition and directing the ZBA to issue the area variance. Contrary to respondents' contention, the ZBA's interpretation of the Town of Western Zoning Ordinance (Zoning Ordinance) had no rational basis and was arbitrary and capricious, and we thus agree with Supreme Court that the ZBA's determination to deny petitioner's application for an area variance must be annulled (see Matter of Violet Realty, Inc. v. City of Buffalo Planning Bd., 20 A.D.3d 901, 902, 798 N.Y.S.2d 283, lv denied 5 N.Y.3d 713, 806 N.Y.S.2d 164, 840 N.E.2d 133; Matter of W.K.J. Young Group v. Zoning Bd. of Appeals of Vil. of Lancaster, 16 A.D.3d 1021, 791 N.Y.S.2d 807; see generally Matter of Pell v. Board of Educ. of Union Free School Dist. No. 1 of Towns of Scarsdale & Mamaroneck, Westchester County, 34 N.Y.2d 222, 230-232, 356 N.Y.S.2d 833, 313 N.E.2d 321).
Pursuant to section 10(A) of the Zoning Ordinance, “[r]egulations governing lot area and lot width, front, side and rear yards[,] building coverage and building height are specified in Appendix ‘A,’ subject to the additional standards of this Ordinance.” Section 11 of the Zoning Ordinance is entitled “Additional Area, Height and Other Regulations,” and subdivision (L)(3) provides the setback requirements for accessory buildings that are not attached to principal buildings, which differ from those set forth in Appendix A. The ZBA determined, however, that the setback requirements set forth in Appendix A applied to accessory buildings, including petitioner's garage.
“Although a zoning board's interpretation of a zoning ordinance is entitled to deference, its interpretation is not entitled to unquestioning judicial deference, since the ultimate responsibility of interpreting the law is with the court” (Matter of North White Auto v. Clem, 229 A.D.2d 393, 394, 645 N.Y.S.2d 64 [internal quotation marks omitted]; see Matter of Turner v. Andersen, 50 A.D.3d 1562, 860 N.Y.S.2d 758; Matter of Exxon Corp. v. Board of Stds. & Appeals of City of N.Y., 128 A.D.2d 289, 296, 515 N.Y.S.2d 768, lv denied 70 N.Y.2d 614, 524 N.Y.S.2d 676, 519 N.E.2d 622). It is well settled that a zoning ordinance must be interpreted to give effect to all of its provisions, and an interpretation that nullifies any provision of an ordinance is irrational and unreasonable (see Matter of Veysey v. Zoning Bd. of Appeals of City of Glens Falls, 154 A.D.2d 819, 821, 546 N.Y.S.2d 254, lv denied 75 N.Y.2d 708, 554 N.Y.S.2d 833, 553 N.E.2d 1343; Matter of Briar Hill Lanes v. Town of Ossining Zoning Bd. of Appeals, 142 A.D.2d 578, 581, 529 N.Y.S.2d 911; see generally McKinney's Cons Laws of NY, Book 1, Statutes § 98[a] ). Here, the ZBA's interpretation of the Zoning Ordinance nullifies the existence of section 11(L)(3) thereof. Also, we conclude that the ZBA's determination that any hardship suffered by petitioners was self-created is arbitrary and capricious (cf. Matter of Ifrah v. Utschig, 98 N.Y.2d 304, 309, 746 N.Y.S.2d 667, 774 N.E.2d 732; Matter of DiPaolo v. Zoning Bd. of Appeals of Town/Vil. of Harrison, 62 A.D.3d 792, 793, 879 N.Y.S.2d 507).
Nevertheless, we conclude that the court erred in directing the ZBA to issue the area variance, and we therefore modify the judgment accordingly. Rather, under the circumstances of this case, the court should have remitted the matter to the ZBA for a de novo determination of petitioner's application pursuant to Town Law § 267-b (3), utilizing the setback requirements set forth in section 11(L)(3) of the Zoning Ordinance. We have considered respondents' remaining contentions and conclude that they are without merit.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously modified on the law by vacating the second decretal paragraph and as modified the judgment is affirmed without costs, and the matter is remitted to respondent Town of Western Zoning Board of Appeals for further proceedings.