MASSA CONSTRUCTION, INC., Plaintiff-Appellant, v. GEORGE M. BUNK, P.E., P.C., and George M. Bunk, Individually, Defendants-Respondents.
Plaintiff commenced this action alleging that defendants tortiously interfered with its agreement with the New York State Thruway Authority and made defamatory statements concerning both plaintiff's competence to perform and actual performance of the agreement, thereby damaging plaintiff's reputation. We conclude that Supreme Court properly granted that part of defendants' motion for summary judgment dismissing the defamation cause of action in the amended complaint based on plaintiff's failure to comply with the pleading requirements set forth in CPLR 3016(a), i.e., plaintiff's failure to set forth in the amended complaint the time, place and manner of the allegedly defamatory communications (see Dillon v. City of New York, 261 A.D.2d 34, 40, 704 N.Y.S.2d 1). “ ‘[M]erely paraphrasing [the allegedly defamatory] statements' ” and failing to include the entire statement or publication requires dismissal of that cause of action (Scalise v. Herkimer, Fulton, Hamilton & Otsego County BOCES, 16 A.D.3d 1059, 1060, 791 N.Y.S.2d 786; see Keeler v. Galaxy Communications, LP, 39 A.D.3d 1202, 834 N.Y.S.2d 411).
We agree with plaintiff, however, that the court erred in granting that part of defendants' motion for summary judgment dismissing the cause of action for tortious interference with contract. Although defendants met their initial burden, plaintiff raised triable issues of fact whether defendants acted in bad faith and committed “independent torts or predatory acts directed at” plaintiff for their own pecuniary gain (BIB Constr. Co. v. City of Poughkeepsie, 204 A.D.2d 947, 948, 612 N.Y.S.2d 283; cf. First Am. Commercial Bancorp, Inc. v. Saatchi & Saatchi Rowland, Inc., 55 A.D.3d 1264, 1266-1267, 865 N.Y.S.2d 424, lv. denied in part and dismissed in part 12 N.Y.3d 829, 881 N.Y.S.2d 7, 908 N.E.2d 914). We therefore modify the judgment accordingly.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously modified on the law by denying the motion in part and reinstating the first cause of action and as modified the judgment is affirmed without costs.