PEOPLE v. MEDINA

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Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.

The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent, v. Miguel MEDINA, Defendant-Appellant.

Decided: June 24, 1997

Before WALLACH, J.P., and RUBIN, WILLIAMS and ANDRIAS, JJ. Deborah L. Morse, for respondent. Lawrence Gerschwer, for defendant-appellant.

Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Paul P.E. Bookson, J.), rendered November 29, 1994, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the third degree, and criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree, and sentencing him, as a second felony offender, to concurrent indeterminate terms of 7 1/4 to 14 1/2 years imprisonment, unanimously reversed, on the law, the convictions vacated and the matter remanded for a new trial.

Prior to the commencement of jury selection, the trial court indicated that it wished “to go on the record with respect to the Sandoval as to each defendant” and proceeded to announce its ruling.   Counsel for appellant thereupon stated “I just want the record to be clear that the Sandoval was done at the bench off the record, and that the defendants were not here for that, over objection.”   Neither the court nor the prosecutor responded to this remark.

Contrary to the People's claim, the record sufficiently reveals that defendant did not participate in the Sandoval hearing, thus requiring a reversal of defendant's conviction (People v. Salda, 193 A.D.2d 548, 597 N.Y.S.2d 707;  People v. Garcia, 198 A.D.2d 4, 603 N.Y.S.2d 145).   At no time did either the prosecutor or the court challenge defense counsel's claim that the hearing had been conducted in defendant's absence, at the bench and over counsel's objection.   Furthermore, nothing in the record creates any ambiguity regarding the issue (compare, People v. Smith, 208 A.D.2d 455, 618 N.Y.S.2d 216, lv denied 84 N.Y.2d 1039, 623 N.Y.S.2d 195, 647 N.E.2d 467).

MEMORANDUM DECISION.