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Family Court, Clinton County.

IN RE: L.H., Petitioner, v. U.H., and Clinton County Department of Social Services, Respondents.

Decided: November 23, 2009

Omshanti H. Parnes, Plattsburgh, for L.H. U.H., pro se, having appeared in writing only.1 Christine G. Peters, Plattsburgh, Clinton County Department of Social Services. Larry A. Kudrle, Plattsburgh, law guardian.

On February 14, 2008, March 10, 2008 and March 11, 2008, the Court conducted a permanency hearing under Article 10-A of the Family Court Act concerning the child, D.H. As a result of that hearing, the Court issued a permanency hearing order dated March 12, 2008 which terminated the Article 10 placement of the subject child and discharged the subject child to the custody of his mother, L.H.2 . All orders related to the permanency hearing order regarding supervision, services and protection expired on March 10, 2009.

On September 4, 2009, L.H. filed a petition under Family Court Act Article 6 seeking custody of D.H. The question presented to the Court is whether L.H.'s current petition should be dismissed as moot in light of the Court's prior permanency hearing order.

The Court has considered all arguments made both orally at the initial appearance and in L.H.'s Memorandum, and finds that L.H. already has an Order providing her with the relief sought in the instant petition.   Essentially, the Court holds that a final discharge to a parent pursuant to Family Court Act Article 10-A is the functional equivalent of a final custody order under Family Court Act Article 6.

The basis of this conclusion is the current structure of Article 10-A of the Family Court Act. The purpose of Family Ct. Act, Article 10-A, in part, is to “․ provide children placed of their home timely and effective judicial review that promotes permanency․” Family Ct. Act § 1086.  “A major achievement of Art. 10-A is the case continuity', i.e. the principle that the Court retains continuous jurisdiction (and involvement) from the day a child has been placed until the date permanency is achieved,” Sobie, Practice Commentaries (McKinney's Cons. Laws of N.Y., Book 29A, FCA 1086, 2009 Cumulative Pocket Part, at 257).   Specifically, Family Ct. Act § 1088 provides that:

[i]f a child is placed ․ the case shall remain on the court's calendar and the court shall maintain jurisdiction over the case until the child is discharged from placement and all orders regarding supervision, protection or services have expired.  ․ {emphasis provided}.

In this case, in 2008, Family Ct. Act § 1089(d)(1) was utilized to terminate placement and return the child to a parent.

It is only when permanency has been achieved, that the Court no longer has jurisdiction.   To be consistent with the purpose of Art. 10-A, therefore, the termination of placement and return of the child to a parent must be viewed as achieving permanency.   As such, this Court finds that discharge to a parent constitutes a permanent custodial order subject, of course, to future modification just like any Article 6 final custody order.

The sole relief sought by L.H. is an order granting her custody of the subject child without restrictions.   L.H. has such an order.   As such, the Court will dismiss L.H.'s petition as moot.


ORDERED, that L.H.'s Petition for Custody (bearing docket no:  V-xxxxx-xx) is hereby DISMISSED as moot;  and it is further

ORDERED, all parties s“H” take notice that:  pursuant to section 1113 of the Family Court Act, an appeal must be taken within thirty days of receipt of the order by appellant in court, thirty-five days from the mailing of the order to the appellant by the clerk of the court, or thirty days after service by a party or law guardian upon the appellant, whichever is earliest.


2.   The child had previously been found to be neglected by his father, U.H.