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Court of Appeals of Georgia.


No. A12A0461.

    Decided: May 01, 2012

Lisamarie Nellyn Bristol, for Killian. Layla Hinton Zon, Erle Jackson Newton III and Marie Elizabeth Greene, for The State.

We granted James Killian's application for discretionary review of a trial court order revoking his probation. After thorough consideration of this case, including our review of the transcript of the revocation hearing, which was not available at the time we granted Killian's application, we have determined that the State produced some competent evidence to show that Killian violated the terms of his probation.1 Accordingly, we find that the application for discretionary appeal was improvidently granted, and we dismiss Killian's appeal.

Here, the State alleged that Killian violated his probation by possessing marijuana with the intent to distribute in violation of OCGA § 16–13–30(j)(1), by possessing an open container of an alcoholic beverage in the passenger area of a vehicle in violation of OCGA § 40–6–253(b)(1), and by obstructing a police officer in violation of OCGA § 16–10–24(a). While Killian claims that the State failed to provide evidence to show that he had both the power and intention to exercise control over the marijuana and open container of alcohol found in the vehicle in which he was riding as a passenger,2 the record belies this claim. The marijuana and open container were found on the floorboard of the front passenger seat, literally at Killian's feet. See Reed v. State, 244 Ga.App. 146, 147, 534 S.E.2d 871 (2000); see also Hulsey v. State, 284 Ga.App. 461, 461–462(2), 643 S.E.2d 888 (2007). And other evidence indicates Killian's intent to exercise control over the marijuana and the open container of alcohol: the officer could smell burning marijuana through Killian's open window, Killian refused to look at the police officer during the traffic stop, the half-empty container of alcohol was still cold and was contained in an open brown paper bag of the type that would be used by a package store, and the other passenger of the vehicle possessed his own open and partially empty container of alcohol. See Vines v. State, 296 Ga.App. 543, 546, 675 S.E.2d 260 (2009); In the Interest of M.A. R ., 306 Ga.App. 818, 819–820, 702 S.E.2d 919 (2010); Feliciano v. State, 302 Ga.App. 328, 331, 690 S.E.2d 680 (2010) (The finder of fact “may find criminal intention upon consideration of the words, conduct, demeanor, motive, and all other circumstances connected with the act for which the accused is prosecuted.”) (citation and punctuation omitted). Although Killian claims that the other occupants of the vehicle had equal access to the contraband, the evidence shows that, because of the large center console in the vehicle, the other occupants did not, in fact, have equal access to the marijuana and alcohol that lay at Killian's feet. See Ely v. State, 241 Ga.App. 896, 898–899, 528 S.E.2d 532 (2000). And the trier of fact was authorized to conclude that it was not reasonable to believe, as Killian has suggested, that the other occupants of the vehicle were storing their marijuana and open container of alcohol at Killian's feet.3 See Mora v. State, 292 Ga.App. 860, 862(1), 666 S.E.2d 412 (2008).

Because we granted Killian's application for discretionary review without the benefit of the full appellate record, including the transcript of the revocation hearing, and because the record supports the findings of the court below, we conclude that the application for discretionary appeal was improvidently granted. Accordingly, the order granting Killian's application is vacated, and his appeal is hereby dismissed. See Woody v. State, 247 Ga.App. 684, 685, 545 S.E.2d 83 (2001).

Appeal dismissed.


MIKELL, P.J., and MILLER J., concur.

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