Skip to main content


Reset A A Font size: Print

Court of Appeals of Georgia.


No. A99A1186.

Decided: July 02, 1999

Fanning & Hudson, Steven E. Fanning, Newnan, for appellant. Peter J. Skandalakis, District Attorney, Brett E. Pinion, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.

Charles Harris appeals from his armed robbery conviction.   He argues that while the evidence would have authorized a conviction of robbery by force or intimidation, it was insufficient to support the armed robbery conviction because there was no evidence that he actually possessed a weapon.   This argument is without merit.

 Viewed in a light most favorable to the jury's verdict, the evidence shows that Harris approached the counter of the Dollar General Store and placed two items on the counter.   After the cashier rang up the items, Harris told her he had a gun and demanded that she give him the money in the cash register.   He stepped behind her and pressed something hard against her back, telling her to open the register or he would shoot her.   Although the cashier did not see any weapon, she testified that the object felt as if it could have been a gun.   The cashier had difficulty opening the register, and as she tried to do so, Harris told her “over and over” that if she did not get the register open, he would shoot her.

 A conviction for armed robbery may be sustained even though the weapon itself was not seen by the victim.  Jones v. State, 209 Ga.App. 138, 139, 433 S.E.2d 106 (1993).   What is required is some physical manifestation of a weapon or some evidence from which the presence of a weapon may be inferred.  Id.

The jury in this case was authorized to infer from the evidence the presence of a weapon, as well as a reasonable apprehension by the cashier that the weapon might be used.   See Moody v. State, 258 Ga. 818, 819-820(1), 375 S.E.2d 30 (1989);  Smith v. State, 215 Ga.App. 673, 674-675(2), 452 S.E.2d 526 (1994).   The evidence was sufficient for a jury to find Harris guilty of armed robbery beyond a reasonable doubt.   See Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307, 99 S.Ct. 2781, 61 L.Ed.2d 560 (1979);  Sanders v. State, 204 Ga.App. 37, 38-39(2), 419 S.E.2d 24 (1992).

Judgment affirmed.

JOHNSON, Chief Judge.

POPE, P.J., and ELDRIDGE, J., concur.

Copied to clipboard