DAVIS v. The STATE.
A Ware County jury convicted Tyrone Davis of three times selling cocaine in violation of the Georgia Controlled Substances Act and on a fourth occasion of trafficking in cocaine. The superior court sentenced the defendant concurrently to 30 years to serve consecutive to the sentence he was then serving upon revocation of parole. Defendant appeals from the superior court's order denying his motion for new trial, arguing that the superior court erred in admitting his confession as made upon hope of benefit or fear of injury and in violation of his right against self-incrimination and right to counsel under Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 86 S.Ct. 1602, 16 L.Ed.2d 694 (1966).
The record reflects that the superior court conducted a hearing pursuant to Jackson v. Denno, 378 U.S. 368, 84 S.Ct. 1774, 12 L.Ed.2d 908 (1964), to determine if defendant's confession had been voluntarily given. The interrogating officer testified that he interviewed the defendant after his arrest; that he did so first by reading the defendant his Miranda rights as set out on the standard waiver of counsel form followed by having the defendant read them himself; that defendant thereafter indicated he understood his rights and signed the waiver of counsel form; that defendant did not appear to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs upon being interviewed; and that he did not threaten, promise, or deprive defendant of food, water, sleep, or other necessity in getting his statement.
On appeal, as he did at trial through counsel, defendant claims he invoked the Miranda right to remain silent and right to counsel by telling the interrogating officer, “I don't want to talk to you anymore[,]” and by using the word “lawyer” during the interview. There is only evidence to the contrary in the record. Pertinently, defendant's interrogating officer testified that rather than expressing a desire not to talk to him, defendant stated that “I don't want to talk to you in front of the [undercover agent].” In a like manner, the videotape1 made of defendant's confession showed that instead of asking for a lawyer, defendant said only, “If I get a lawyer and fight this thing” or words to that effect.
Neither did defendant make the statement of which he complains involuntarily upon a hope of benefit or fear of injury in violation of OCGA § 24-3-50.2 The transcript of defendant's suppression hearing reveals that the interrogating officer told him he was in big trouble; that the offense of trafficking was punishable by 20 years confinement; and, in effect, that he could help the defendant if he cooperated. However, that the interrogating officer told the defendant he was in trouble is in the nature of a mere truism, rather than an offer of hope of benefit or threat of injury. See Sampson v. State, 165 Ga.App. 833, 835(9), 303 S.E.2d 77 (1983); Copeland v. State, 162 Ga.App. 398, 400(3), 291 S.E.2d 560 (1982). The interrogating officer did not threaten defendant with harm in advising him that trafficking in cocaine involved the possibility of a significant sentence to confinement. Rather, this simply made the defendant aware of potential legal consequences associated therewith. Carswell v. State, 268 Ga. 531, 532-533(2), 491 S.E.2d 343 (1997). Finally, an investigator does not make an offer of hope of benefit upon telling a defendant that his or her cooperation will be made known to the prosecution, Leigh v. State, 223 Ga.App. 726, 727(1), 478 S.E.2d 905 (1996); Lawrence v. State, 227 Ga.App. 70, 72-73(5), 487 S.E.2d 608 (1997), or by offering help to the defendant. Cooper v. State, 256 Ga. 234, 235(2), 347 S.E.2d 553 (1986) (The “slightest hope of benefit” means the hope of a lighter sentence.). “Once Miranda warnings are given and a person in custody gives a statement to police without invoking his right to remain silent and without requesting an attorney, he has in effect waived his rights.” Aldridge v. State, 258 Ga. 75, 76(3), 365 S.E.2d 111 (1988). No evidence of record shows that the defendant's confession was taken in violation of his Miranda rights or that it was taken in violation of OCGA § 24-3-50. Determinations of fact and credibility made by a trial judge after a suppression hearing are accepted by appellate courts unless clearly erroneous. Cox v. State, 248 Ga. 713(1), 285 S.E.2d 687 (1982). Here we are unable to say that the superior court clearly erred in admitting defendant's confession as involuntarily taken. Murphy v. State, 267 Ga. 100, 102(7), 475 S.E.2d 590 (1996). Consequently, we will not disturb its admission in evidence on appeal.
1. Instead of offering defendant's videotaped confession in evidence at trial, trial counsel chose only to watch it as the State's attorney played the tape to the jury for purposes of impeachment.
2. “To make a confession admissible, it must have been made voluntarily, without being induced by another by the slightest hope of benefit or remotest fear of injury.” OCGA § 24-3-50.
BLACKBURN, P.J., and BARNES, J., concur.