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Court of Appeals of Georgia.


No. A00A2462.

Decided: January 24, 2001

Olim & Loeb, Jay E. Loeb, Atlanta, for appellant. Lackland & Heyward, Theodore H. Lackland, Atlanta, Kyle S. Kotake, for appellees.

Directlink India (P) Limited (“Directlink”) sued U.S. Professionals, LLC (“US Professionals”) for money owed on a commercial contract account.   US Professionals filed a timely answer that raised the defense of improper venue and simultaneously moved to dismiss the complaint based upon improper venue.   After these pleadings were filed, the trial court approved the withdrawal request of U.S. Professionals' counsel.   Before withdrawing, U.S. Professionals' counsel provided the trial court with an address and telephone number for U.S. Professionals in Memphis, Tennessee.

Subsequently, the trial court notified U.S. Professionals by mail that the case was set for a nonjury trial on June 8, 2000.   When U.S. Professionals failed to appear for trial, the trial court entered a judgment against it in the amount of $66,579.31 and dismissed its counterclaim.   The trial court's written order and judgment makes no mention of any ruling on U.S. Professionals' motion to dismiss based upon improper venue.1  US Professionals appeals, asserting the trial court erred by entering a judgment against it without first ruling on the motion to dismiss and that it also erred in its calculation and award of damages to Directlink.

1. Because the record does not show that the trial court ruled on or otherwise disposed of U.S. Professionals' timely motion to dismiss for improper venue,2 and it would be error for the trial court to enter a judgment against U.S. Professionals without having done so, we must vacate the trial court's order and judgment and remand this case to the trial court for proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.   See Morgan v. Berry, 152 Ga.App. 623, 624, 263 S.E.2d 508 (1979) (properly raised venue defense “not waived by the fact that the case was allowed to go to default judgment”);  Williams v. Willis, 204 Ga.App. 328, 330, 419 S.E.2d 139 (1992) (trial court erred by ruling on motion for summary judgment before ruling on properly raised motion to transfer based upon improper venue).

2. Our holding in Division 1 of this opinion renders appellant's remaining enumerations of error moot.

Judgment vacated and case remanded with direction.


1.   Directlink contends the trial court struck U.S. Professionals' answer, counterclaim, and motion to dismiss as a result of its failure to appear for trial.   However, the record before us contains no transcript of the proceedings before the trial court on June 8, 2000, and the trial court's written order does not include any such ruling.

2.   OCGA § 9-11-12(b) provides in pertinent part:Every defense ․ to a claim for relief in any pleading ․ shall be asserted in the responsive pleading thereto if one is required, except that the following defenses may, at the option of the pleader, be made by motion in writing:  ․ (3) Improper venue․ A motion making any of these defenses shall be made before or at the time of pleading if a further pleading is permitted.   No defense or objection is waived by being joined with one or more other defenses or objections in a responsive pleading or motion.

BARNES, Judge.

BLACKBURN, C.J., and ELDRIDGE, J., concur.

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