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Court of Appeals of Georgia.


No. A01A0174.

Decided: January 31, 2001

James B. Sullivan, Decatur, for appellant. Martin, Snow, Grant & Napier, Blair K. Cleveland, Richard A. Epps, Jr., Macon, for appellee.

Randy Spoon filed a voluntary Chapter 13 federal bankruptcy petition without disclosing the existence of an unliquidated tort claim against Geraldine Johnson. Nonetheless, he later sued Johnson on the claim in a Georgia magistrate court. Although Spoon obtained an award of damages, he appealed to superior court. Johnson moved for summary judgment, arguing that the doctrine of judicial estoppel precludes Spoon from asserting the tort claim due to his failure to list it on his schedule of assets in the bankruptcy proceeding. Spoon appeals the trial court's award of summary judgment to Johnson. We find no error and affirm.

In numerous cases, we have applied the federal doctrine of judicial estoppel “to preclude the prosecution of unliquidated tort claims that discharged debtors failed to list as assets in their federal bankruptcy petitions.”1 In United Technologies Corp. v. Gaines, we recognized that under federal bankruptcy law

“all legal or equitable interests of (a) debtor in property as of the commencement of the (bankruptcy) case” become[ ] property of the bankruptcy estate. This includes causes of action regardless of whether or not such actions are assignable or transferable by the debtor under state law. [Cits.] Therefore, by preemptive operation of federal law, when [the debtor] file[s] for bankruptcy the cause of action ․ [becomes] part of the bankruptcy estate even though OCGA § 44-12-24 normally prohibits the assignment of personal tort causes of action.2

Spoon asks us to overrule these decisions. He claims that the principle of comity between state and federal courts prohibits the federal bankruptcy court from imposing a duty on him to assign a cause of action in violation of the laws of Georgia. Spoon also maintains that the requirement that he transfer his tort claim to the bankruptcy estate violates his state constitutional right to prosecute his own cause of action in the courts of this state. There is no merit in these arguments, because “ ‘[t]he Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution dictates that federal law preempts inconsistent state law. [Cit.]’ ”3 The question is whether the federal constitution authorizes Congress to enact the preemptive legislation, an issue which Spoon does not address.

Judgment affirmed.


1.   Wolfork v. Tackett, 241 Ga.App. 633, 526 S.E.2d 436 (1999); see Reagan v. Lynch, 241 Ga.App. 642, 524 S.E.2d 510 (1999); Byrd v. JRC Towne Lake, Ltd., 225 Ga.App. 506, 484 S.E.2d 309 (1997); United Technologies Corp. v. Gaines, 225 Ga.App. 191, 483 S.E.2d 357 (1997); Southmark Corp. v. Trotter, Smith & Jacobs, 212 Ga.App. 454, 442 S.E.2d 265 (1994).

2.   (Footnote omitted.)  225 Ga.App. at 192, 483 S.E.2d 357.

3.   Lance v. American Edwards Labs., 215 Ga.App. 713, 715, 452 S.E.2d 185 (1994).

PHIPPS, Judge.

SMITH, P.J., and BARNES, J., concur.

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